Wednesday, June 19, 2013

The Proposed Temporale

Much has been said about the Sanctorale and restoring its proper balance vis-a-vis the Temporale as was the case in 1570. This balance, of course, was diminished over time, with the Sanctorale eclipsing the Temporale such that by 1910, very few Sundays, not to mention Feriae, outside of Advent and Lent, were observed save by way of commemoration. In a given year, it would have been very possible not ever to see green vestments used but once or twice if at all! The mirror opposite extreme of the 1969 Novus Ordo! Therefore, it would be remiss not to illustrate the Temporale so as to present the full picture of the current Ordo here being proposed. This is redundant to what is already available to view, i.e. the 1568/1570 Temporale remained mostly static from 1570 to 1955. Any change made to the Temporale after 1955 bears no consideration here as that was utterly unnecessary, especially in 1969 with the removal of an entire liturgical season (Septuagesima) and the Ember Days (both of which have been around since antiquity!).

1. Major Sundays (All Sundays of Advent, Septuagesima, Lent, & Passiontide; Low Sunday)
     a. Privileged of the First Class - preferred to any feast whatsoever in occurrence
        * First Sunday of Advent
        * All Sundays of Lent
        * Passion Sunday and Palm Sunday
        * Low Sunday
     b. Privileged of the Second Class - preferred to any feast below the rank of Double I Class
        * 2-4 of Advent
        * Septuagesima, Sexagesima, & Quinquagesima Sundays

2. Minor Sundays - All other Sundays of the year; these are preferred to Semidouble and Simple feasts

1. Privileged Major Feriae - preferred to any feast whatsoever in occurrence
     a. Ash Wednesday
     b. Six weekdays of Holy Week

2. Non-Privileged Major Feriae - preferred only to Simple feasts, but must be commemorated whenever a festal Office takes precedence, no matter the latter's rank
     a. Weekdays of Advent
     b. Weekdays of Lent after Ash Wednesday and during the first week of Passiontide
     c. Rogation Monday
     d. Ember Days in September

3. Minor Feriae - all other weekdays whenever a feast, vigil, or octave be lacking; these are not commemorated in festal Offices.

1. Privileged Octaves
      a. First Order - preferred to any feast whatsoever (Pascha & Pentecost)
      b. Second Order - preferred to any feast below the rank of Double I Class (Epiphany & Corpus Christi)
      c. Third Order - preferred to Semidouble and Simple feasts (Christmas, Ascension, & Sacred Heart)

2. Common Octaves - preferred to Simple feasts; must be commemorated if a higher Office takes precedence
     a. Immaculate Conception
     b. St. John the Baptist
     c. Sts. Peter & Paul
     d. Assumption
     e. All Saints
     f. Dedication of a Church
     g. Primary patron of a particular Order or Congregation

3. Simple Octaves - preferred to minor Feriae; must be commemorated when other Offices take precedence (the Octave Day is of Double rank)
     a. St. Stephen, Protomartyr
     b. St. John, Apostle & Evangelist
     c. Holy Innocents
     d. St. Lawrence
     e. Nativity of the B.V.M.
     f. Second and Tertiary patrons of a particular Order or Congregation

1. Privileged Vigils
     a. First Class - preferred to any feast (or Sunday) - Vigil of Christmas and Vigil of Pentecost
     b. Second Class - preferred to any feast below the rank of Double I Class - Vigil of the Epiphany

2. Common Vigils - preferred to Simple feasts and minor Feriae (superseded by major Feriae); must be commemorated in a higher ranking Office
     a. Vigil of the Immaculate Conception
     b. Vigil of St. Matthias
     c. Vigil of the Ascension
     d. Vigil of St. John the Baptist
     e. Vigil of Sts. Peter & Paul
     f. Vigil of St. James the Greater
     g. Vigil of St. Lawrence
     h. Vigil of the Assumption
     i. Vigil of St. Bartholomew
     j. Vigil of St. Matthew
     k. Vigil of Sts. Simon & Jude
     l. Vigil of All Saints

Feasts of the Temporale

1. Double I Class
     a. Nativity of Our Lord
     b. Epiphany of Our Lord
     c. Resurrection of Our Lord (Pascha) and the two days following
     d. Ascension of Our Lord
     e. Pentecost and the two days following
     f.  Most Holy Trinity
     g. Corpus Christi
     g. Most Sacred Heart of Jesus
     h. Christ the King

2. Double II Class
     a. Circumcision of Our Lord/Octave Day of Christmas

3. Double Major
     a. Octave Day of the Epiphany
     b. Octave Day of the Ascension
     c. Octave Day of Corpus Christi
     d. Octave Day of the Sacred Heart

Feasts of Our Lord in the Sanctorale (these feasts supersede Sundays)

1. Double II Class
     a. Finding of the Holy Cross
     b. Transfiguration of Our Lord
     c. Dedication of the Archbasilica of Our Savior/St. John Lateran

2. Double Major
     a. Exaltation of the Holy Cross
     b. Dedication of the Basilica of Sts. Peter & Paul


  1. Rad Trad likes everything but the first segment. If a Double I class can supersede Sundays 2-4 of Lent then theoretically the Feast of St Joseph could be observed on Sunday rather than transferred to the nearest open day. I am unaware of this ever being done (although I welcome evidence to the contrary), even Papal Coronations could not replace these days. Ditto for Advent Sundays. I think the Lent and Advent semi-Double Sundays would be better in category 1a rather than 1b, which suites the 'Gesima season rather well (the '62ist will insist that Candlemas can replace a 'Gesima Sunday should they coincide, but before John XXIII the candle blessing would take place before the 'Gesima Mass and the Candlemas Mass/Office would be moved to the nearest free day). Also they Vigil of Pentecost is always on a Saturday, but it is also preferable to any other rank of day regardless!

    Octave system is wonderful. Would Common Octaves' Octave Days be Greater Doubles or just Doubles?

    Great work, John. This is quite a thought experiment. Let us hope some Romans read you.

  2. Also:

    We have used poor St Aloysius as something of a liturgical punching bag, so I was humored to see a church near where I once lived is having a solemn Mass for his feast!

  3. Rad Trad, looking over the general rubrics of my 1854 Breviarium, the latter Sundays of both Advent and Lent are major, second class, as are the Gesima Sundays. It was Pius X who upgraded the latter Sundays of Lent. However, upon closer investigation, in explaining what is meant by "Second Class", only the patronal feast or dedication (and its anniversary) of a particular church could supersede the Sunday, so I stand corrected. I was going by 1911 Pian rubrics which state that Doubles I Class have precedence over major Semidouble Sundays of the Second Class.

    But what to do with the Immaculate Conception under that rule? I would have for it to be treated as it was from 1956-1960 and again in Novus Ordo land by its being transferred to December 9 when it falls on Sunday.

    The Octave Days of Common Octaves would be Greater Doubles as they are post-1911; those of Simple Octaves would be Minor Doubles.

    So you're from near my old stomping grounds in downstate NY? Yes, it's humorous considering he didn't make the cut on this Ordo!

  4. I changed Lent 2-4 to be first class, and added the two feasts of the Holy Cross which I had shamefully forgotten to include previously.