Tuesday, July 23, 2013

Proposed Sanctorale for September

The month of September has a strong ferial cycle in contrast to August. This is good for two reasons: 1. to balance the festal heaviness of the previous month and 2. to accord a frequent possibility that the penitential Offices for the Ember Days may ensue mostly uninhibited - let the Office match the fast which binds those days! One downside of the 1954 Kalendar (i.e. that which the staunchest Trads swear by) is that the September Ember Days are always (every day from 15-21 September) reduced to commemorations because of the Semidouble and Double feasts packed into the week after 14 September; and this is most unfortunate because these Ember Days have the clearest connection to the natural season which they precede with the readings from Leviticus recalling the autumnal observances of the Old Law. It is not entirely misguided, though mishandled, that Ember Days were raised to the rank of second class in 1960. The CTO, therefore, reduces days of 3-nocturne Mattins during that week from the seven as of 1954 to three. Lastly, as with the Octave of St. Lawrence, the Octave of the Nativity of Our Lady will be treated similarly. Despite the strong ferial cycle, however, three out of five Sundays in September this year are superseded by Double feasts.

1 September: St. Giles, Confessor; Simple, White. Comm. of the Twelve Holy Brothers, Martyrs.
2 September: Feria
3 September: St. Pius X, Pope & Confessor; Semidouble (in the SSPX, Double I Class)
4 September: Feria
5 September: Feria
6 September: Feria
7 September: Feria
8 September: Nativity of the Blessed Virgin Mary; Double II Class, White w/ Octave
9 September: Of the Octave; Semidouble, White. Comm. of St. Gorgonius, Martyr. (In the USA, St. Peter Claver, Confessor; Semidouble, White w/ Comm. of Octave & St. Gorgonius)
10 September: Of the Octave; Semidouble, White
11 September: Of the Octave; Semidouble, White. Comm. of Sts. Protus & Hyacinth, Martyrs.
12 September: Of the Octave; Semidouble, White
13 September: Of the Octave; Semidouble, White
14 September: Exaltation of the Holy Cross; Double Major, Red. Comm. of the Octave.
15 September: Octave Day of the Nativity of the B.V.M.; Double, White. Comm. of St. Nicomedes, Martyr.
16 September: Ss. Cornelius, Pope, & Cyprian, Bishop, Martyrs; Semidouble, Red
17 September: Feria
18 September: Feria
19 September: Ss. Januarius, Bishop, & Companions, Martyrs; Simple, Red
20 September: Vigil of St. Matthew; Simple, Violet. Comm. of Ss. Eustace & Companions, Martyrs.
21 September: St. Matthew, Apostle & Evangelist; Double II Class, Red
22 September: Ss. Maurice & Companions, Martyrs; Simple, Red
23 September: St. Linus, Pope & Martyr; Semidouble, Red
24 September: St. Pio of Pietrelcina, Confessor; Simple, White
25 September: Feria
26 September: Ss. Cyprian & Justina, Martyrs; Simple, Red (in the USA and Canada, North American Martyrs; Double II Class, Red)
27 September: Ss. Cosmas & Damian, Martyrs; Semidouble, Red
28 September: Feria
29 September: Dedication of St. Michael the Archangel; Double I Class, White
30 September: St. Jerome, Priest, Confessor, & Doctor; Double, White

Feasts added since 1570 which the CTO adopts:
1. St. Pius X as a Semidouble, has a universal following and stauch opponent of modernism, and despite his liturgical maneuverings deserves a festal observance, but as Semidouble so as not to supersede a Sunday. Considering where he is now, we don't think he would mind having the full Laudate psalms sung at Lauds in his honor! Also, early September is strikingly bare, so a feast to break up the ferial monotony here seems welcomed (a criterion which would not be valid for Lent).
2.Sts. Januarius & Companions has some broader cult and merits a Simple.
3. Ss. Eustace & Companions as a Simple, de facto a commemoration because of the Vigil. This feast was a Double in the 1911-1958 Kalendars.
4. St. Pio of Pietrocina (aka Padre Pio) as a Simple, but observed the day after his death so as to not displace the already long established feast of St. Linus. This is the first, and possibly will be the only, case of adding a liturgical observance to the CTO for a saint canonized after 1962. The Divinum Officium site has a "1960 New Calendar" option to assist us with texts for this Office, but upon inspection, the third lesson given for Mattins is taken from the Common of Confessors, 2nd. Nocturne; the CTO proposes using the Latin version of St. Pio's hagiography from the Liturgia Horarum.
5. Ss. Cosmas & Damian, Martyrs, a Semidouble in later Kalendars and we agree.

Particular feasts for the USA added:
1. St. Peter Claver as a Semidouble (3rd. class in 1960)
2.. North American Martyrs as a Double II Class. This is keeping in line with the 1954 and 1958 observances in the USA and Canada. Oddly, their feast was downgraded to 3rd. class in the 1960 revisions.

Feasts on the 1954 and/or 1962 Calendars which are not included above but would be more properly observed in particular places and congregations:
1. St. Stephen of Hungary (2 Sep) - local cult
2..St. Lawrence Justinian (5 Sep) - local cult
3. St. Nicholas of Tolentino (10 Sep) - local cult
4. Holy Name of Mary (12 Sep) - devotional, commemorates local historical event(s)
5. Seven Sorrows of the B.V.M. (15 Sep) - devotional
6. Stigmata of St. Francis (17 Sep) - devotional/feast proper to the Franciscan Order - the CTO is a bit torn over this one because we do not want to be accused of modernist tendencies which reject miracles, but this is properly a particular feast.
7. St. Joseph Cupertino (18 Sep) - local cult
8. St. Thomas of Villanova (22 Sep) - local cult
9. Our Lady of Ransom (24 Sep) - devotional/local historical
10. St. Wenceslaus (28 Sep) - local cult

5 comments:

  1. Would the SSPX, since 1983, have any idea what a Double I Class is?

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  2. You are a sharp one, Rad Trad. I personally knew and worked with (i.e. was his MC) current SSPX district superior of the UK while he was in the US in the late '90's; every morning next to the vesting table in the sacristy could be seen the applicable, quarterly seasonal volume of his pre-1955 Breviary. A few years prior to that, the former rector of St. Mary's Academy used his own Missal at Mass in which extra collects starting with words like "A cunctis" would clearly resound, and your humble servant would need, on occasion, to move the Missal back to the Gospel side at the end of Mass. Some may be perfectly aware of a Double I Class!

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    1. Would that be Fr Morgan? He was known to celebrate the old Pentecost Vigil as recently as the early 1990s. The LMS did the old Pentecost Vigil once or twice as well in 1991 (I think, don't hold me to it) until someone complained. The SSPX in England was a unique case in that, outside of France and Switzerland, everyone was using the pre-Pius XII liturgy until 1988 (in 1984 basically no one at the diocesan level did 1962 because it was generally older priests trying to remember what was done "back in the day"). So England, LMS and SSPX, used the Pius X liturgy and it was well engrained into the traditionalist movement there. I believe the St Pius V Association, which was later "absorbed" into the SSPX, independently published the St Lawrence Press Ordo, which seems to have spun off from the Society. They were less than receptive to Archbishop Lefebvre's liturgical revolt in 1983, clearly aimed to get rid of some unsavory elements of the SSPX during the period Rome was inspecting his operation.

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    2. Fr. Morgan indeed, but despite his Divino Afflatu Breviaries (and what you mentioned), he had me remove the extra large host I had set on the paten for Maundy Thursday Mass (this was 1999). The next day, he himself genuflected at the prayer for the Jews, but the priest to his right acting as the deacon did not! And then there's the SSPX's unique Pontifical-Missa Cantata Mass hybrid, the rite of Econe par excellence...digressing....

      Yes, it's not uncommon to hear the old diocesan priests still say "Benedicamus Domino" (though they incorrectly remain versus populum when doing so) at the end of Mass during Advent and Lent. Does the UK have anything like we do in the US with a network of independent priests who use the pre-1955 books?

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  3. "unique Pontifical-Missa Cantata..."

    Ah yes! Despite their intentionally un-fussy liturgies they devised an entirely new gradation of Mass when there is already a Missa Cantata and a prelatial Mass!—heaven forbid +Tissier de Mallerais be caught with chamberlains and two MCs!

    I do not think that England has the "independent" priest phenomenon we have in the US or that the French have in the countryside. The LMS gave those wishing to continue the old Mass an immediate outlet without resorting to leaving their dioceses, and back then the LMS used to pre-Pius XII liturgy. The idea of "pre-1955" is silly to me: the premise is that Bugnini snuck into Pius XII's office and changed Holy Week without the Pope's active support, a foreboding of the new liturgy. It was a foreboding to the new liturgy, but Pius XII supported the project wholeheartedly. Why don't these "independent" priest apply that criteria to all of Pius XII's liturgical changes? It's absurd.

    The French have/had some "independent" priests but I think the SSPX, IBP, and diocesan Masses dissipated their presence. The Institute of Christ the King, originally a pre-155 group, was founded by a Frenchman on French liturgical praxis; actually the group is derived from Opus Sacerdotale, a coalition of French diocesan priests who used the old rite after the new liturgy's introduction. In the countryside priests like them and Fr Quintin Montgomery-Wright were basically allowed to continue their work as long as they didn't make a fuss.

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