The month of September has a strong ferial cycle in contrast to August. This is good for two reasons: 1. to balance the festal heaviness of the previous month and 2. to accord a frequent possibility that the penitential Offices for the Ember Days may ensue mostly uninhibited - let the Office match the fast which binds those days! One downside of the 1954 Kalendar (i.e. that which the staunchest Trads swear by) is that the September Ember Days are always (every day from 15-21 September) reduced to commemorations because of the Semidouble and Double feasts packed into the week after 14 September; and this is most unfortunate because these Ember Days have the clearest connection to the natural season which they precede with the readings from Leviticus recalling the autumnal observances of the Old Law. It is not entirely misguided, though mishandled, that Ember Days were raised to the rank of second class in 1960. The CTO, therefore, reduces days of 3-nocturne Mattins during that week from the seven as of 1954 to three. Lastly, as with the Octave of St. Lawrence, the Octave of the Nativity of Our Lady will be treated similarly. Despite the strong ferial cycle, however, three out of five Sundays in September this year are superseded by Double feasts.
1 September: St. Giles, Confessor; Simple, White. Comm. of the Twelve Holy Brothers, Martyrs.
2 September: Feria
3 September: St. Pius X, Pope & Confessor; Semidouble (in the SSPX, Double I Class)
4 September: Feria
5 September: Feria
6 September: Feria
7 September: Feria
8 September: Nativity of the Blessed Virgin Mary; Double II Class, White w/ Octave
9 September: Of the Octave; Semidouble, White. Comm. of St. Gorgonius, Martyr. (In the USA, St. Peter Claver, Confessor; Semidouble, White w/ Comm. of Octave & St. Gorgonius)
10 September: Of the Octave; Semidouble, White
11 September: Of the Octave; Semidouble, White. Comm. of Sts. Protus & Hyacinth, Martyrs.
12 September: Of the Octave; Semidouble, White
13 September: Of the Octave; Semidouble, White
14 September: Exaltation of the Holy Cross; Double Major, Red. Comm. of the Octave.
15 September: Octave Day of the Nativity of the B.V.M.; Double, White. Comm. of St. Nicomedes, Martyr.
16 September: Ss. Cornelius, Pope, & Cyprian, Bishop, Martyrs; Semidouble, Red
17 September: Feria
18 September: Feria
19 September: Ss. Januarius, Bishop, & Companions, Martyrs; Simple, Red
20 September: Vigil of St. Matthew; Simple, Violet. Comm. of Ss. Eustace & Companions, Martyrs.
21 September: St. Matthew, Apostle & Evangelist; Double II Class, Red
22 September: Ss. Maurice & Companions, Martyrs; Simple, Red
23 September: St. Linus, Pope & Martyr; Semidouble, Red
24 September: St. Pio of Pietrelcina, Confessor; Simple, White
25 September: Feria
26 September: Ss. Cyprian & Justina, Martyrs; Simple, Red (in the USA and Canada, North American Martyrs; Double II Class, Red)
27 September: Ss. Cosmas & Damian, Martyrs; Semidouble, Red
28 September: Feria
29 September: Dedication of St. Michael the Archangel; Double I Class, White
30 September: St. Jerome, Priest, Confessor, & Doctor; Double, White
Feasts added since 1570 which the CTO adopts:
1. St. Pius X as a Semidouble, has a universal following and stauch opponent of modernism, and despite his liturgical maneuverings deserves a festal observance, but as Semidouble so as not to supersede a Sunday. Considering where he is now, we don't think he would mind having the full Laudate psalms sung at Lauds in his honor! Also, early September is strikingly bare, so a feast to break up the ferial monotony here seems welcomed (a criterion which would not be valid for Lent).
2.Sts. Januarius & Companions has some broader cult and merits a Simple.
3. Ss. Eustace & Companions as a Simple, de facto a commemoration because of the Vigil. This feast was a Double in the 1911-1958 Kalendars.
4. St. Pio of Pietrocina (aka Padre Pio) as a Simple, but observed the day after his death so as to not displace the already long established feast of St. Linus. This is the first, and possibly will be the only, case of adding a liturgical observance to the CTO for a saint canonized after 1962. The Divinum Officium site has a "1960 New Calendar" option to assist us with texts for this Office, but upon inspection, the third lesson given for Mattins is taken from the Common of Confessors, 2nd. Nocturne; the CTO proposes using the Latin version of St. Pio's hagiography from the Liturgia Horarum.
5. Ss. Cosmas & Damian, Martyrs, a Semidouble in later Kalendars and we agree.
Particular feasts for the USA added:
1. St. Peter Claver as a Semidouble (3rd. class in 1960)
2.. North American Martyrs as a Double II Class. This is keeping in line with the 1954 and 1958 observances in the USA and Canada. Oddly, their feast was downgraded to 3rd. class in the 1960 revisions.
Feasts on the 1954 and/or 1962 Calendars which are not included above but would be more properly observed in particular places and congregations:
1. St. Stephen of Hungary (2 Sep) - local cult
2..St. Lawrence Justinian (5 Sep) - local cult
3. St. Nicholas of Tolentino (10 Sep) - local cult
4. Holy Name of Mary (12 Sep) - devotional, commemorates local historical event(s)
5. Seven Sorrows of the B.V.M. (15 Sep) - devotional
6. Stigmata of St. Francis (17 Sep) - devotional/feast proper to the Franciscan Order - the CTO is a bit torn over this one because we do not want to be accused of modernist tendencies which reject miracles, but this is properly a particular feast.
7. St. Joseph Cupertino (18 Sep) - local cult
8. St. Thomas of Villanova (22 Sep) - local cult
9. Our Lady of Ransom (24 Sep) - devotional/local historical
10. St. Wenceslaus (28 Sep) - local cult