Tuesday, September 17, 2013

XIII ante Kalendas Octobris, MMXIII

Thursday, 19 September, 2013
Ss. Januarius, Bishop, & Companions, Martyrs; Simple, Red
(Double rite in certain dioceses)

Office: Ferial antiphons and psalms from the Psalter; rest from the Common of Several Martyrs or the Proper. Ferial melody with regular doxology for all hymns at the Hours.

At Mattins, Invitatory Regem Martyrum & Hymn Christo profusum from the Common, 1 nocturn: Pss. 68-79; lessons 1 and 2 (=2&3 combined) and responds from the occurring Scripture (Thursday, Week III September), 3rd. lesson of the hagiography from the Proper, Te Deum.

At Lauds, Antiphons w/ Pss. 50, 89, 62 & 66, Canticle of Moses (Exodus), 148-150, Chapter, Hymn Rex gloriose & Versicle from the Common, Benedictus Antiphon Vestri capilli as in the Common, Collect from the Proper, Suffrages of Our Lady, St. Joseph, Ss. Peter & Paul, (Patron), and for Peace.

At Prime, Pss. 53, 22, 118.1 & 118.2, Dominical Preces, Short Lesson Fulgebunt from the Common.

At Mass, after Sext, Gloria, 2nd. orations of Our Lady/All Saints and 3rd. orations at the choice of the Celebrant, No Credo, Common Preface (Ferial Tone), Ite Missa est.

After None, the Office of Ss. Januarius & Companions ends, and the liturgical color changes to green for Ferial Vespers and Compline this evening.

At Vespers, Antiphons w/ Pss. 131, 132, 134, 135, & 136 from the Psalter for Thursday; Chapter, Hymn Magnae Deus & Versicle from the Psalter, Magnificat Antiphon Fecit Deus from the Psalter, Collect of the preceding Sunday (XVII after Pentecost), Suffrages of the Cross, Our Lady, St. Joseph, Ss. Peter & Paul, (Patron), and for Peace.

At Compline, Preces, Salve Regina sung kneeling and in the Simple Tone.

After Compline, the liturgical color changes to violet for Ember Friday the following day.


  1. "At Mass, after Terce..." No! You did it again! :-)

  2. It's a festal Mass of a Simple feast. Since when does a festal Mass not get celebrated after Terce (other than Midnight Mass)?

  3. "In Festis simplicibus et Fer. per annum dicta Sexta" according to section XV.2 of Rubricae Generales (De Hora Celebrandi Missae) concerning which hour of the Office should be sung immediately before Mass. Same in the 1604, 1864, and 1913 editions I have seen. It seems that with Simples the ferial nature of the Office gets precedent over the Mass in framing the schedule of the day.

    1. Thank you, again, kind sir, for the correction. I understand the rationale behind penitential Masses being after None, but what basis is there for scheduling Mass after Sext as opposed to Terce? Feriae per annum are not fast days.

    2. I honestly have no idea, John. Perhaps so that the Mass is in the midst of the day but hence not festive? Remember, the timing of Mass was dictated by when the monks/canons/priests wanted to eat, as they broke their fast after Mass. On a "feast" of semi-double or higher one could eat and be merry all day. The opposite would be true for Lenten feriae, penitential Masses, and vigils (since the feast begins with Vespers after the vigil Mass, and it's also why there are no vigils really during Paschaltide other than Rogation Wednesday and the Pentecost vigil). Perhaps having the Mass after Sext put the Mass in the midst of the day yet retained a monastic discipline? You cannot party all year long! Since most monks, outside Cluny, led lives with varying degrees of asceticism maybe they were making a mild morning fast the norm, with feasts and the severe Lenten fast opposite exceptions.

      Of course the practice of moving everything to the morning ruined these distinctions. They would sing None and Mass by 12:00PM so they could eat, which is why that time of day is called Noon.

    3. Let alone the practice of Pio Duodecimo's evening Mass concessions!

      I have to say, though, that I quite enjoyed praying Vespers in the forenoon this past Lent, inversion of time and all that. Of course, it was strange then to have the whole afternoon and evening free. This will definitely be revisited for discussion when we get closer to Lent.

    4. I enjoyed the inversion, too. Perhaps if the tradition included Mattins and Lauds in the evening the whole thing would have made more sense. One feature I love of [real] Tenebrae is that Lauds is typically sung as one enters daylight, whereas here it is sung as one plunges into further darkness (death, uncertainty, fear, night, awaiting the light etc).

      I always thought that perhaps the most reasonable thing to do with the old Paschal Vigil would have been to start it around 3 or 4PM, meaning the ceremonies end with Vespers at 8 or 9PM, perfectly reasonable and it permits Mattins and Lauds at well established parishes/monasteries/cathedrals. But sadly the reformers wanted an entirely new rite based on shoddy research.