Tuesday, November 12, 2013

Proposed Sanctorale for December

Proposed Sanctorale for December. Deviations from the 1568/1570 Kalendar are bolded, and explanations follow below.

1. Feria
2. St. Bibiana, Virgin & Martyr; Simple, Red
3. St. Francis Xavier, Priest & Confessor; Simple, White
4. St. Peter Chrysologus, Bishop, Confessor, & Doctor; Semidouble, White; Comm. of St. Barbara, Virgin & Martyr
5. St. Sabbas, Abbott & Confessor; Simple, White
6. St. Nicholas, Bishop & Confessor; Semidouble, White
7. St. Ambrose, Bishop, Confessor, & Doctor; Double, White
8. Immaculate Conception of the B.V.M.; Double I Class w/ Octave
9. Within the Octave; Semidouble, White
10.Within the Octave; Semidouble, White; Comm. of St. Melchiades, Pope & Martyr
11. St. Damasus, Pope & Confessor; Semidouble, White; Comm. of the Octave
12.Within the Octave; Semidouble, White
13. St. Lucy, Virgin & Martyr; Double, Red; Comm. of the Octave
14.Within the Octave; Semidouble, White
15. Octave Day of the Immaculate Conception; Double Major, White
16. St. Eusebius, Bishop & Martyr; Simple, Red
17. Greater Advent Feria not privileged; Simple, Violet
18. Greater Advent Feria not privileged; Simple, Violet
19. Greater Advent Feria not privileged; Simple, Violet
20. Greater Advent Feria not privileged; Simple, Violet
21. St. Thomas, Apostle & Martyr; Double II Class
22. Greater Advent Feria not privileged; Simple, Violet
23. Greater Advent Feria not privileged; Simple, Violet
24. Vigil of the Nativity of Our Lord; Privileged Vigil of the I Class - Simple at Mattins; Double from Lauds-None
25. Nativity of Our Lord Jesus Christ; Double I Class, White w/ Octave
26. St. Stephen, Protomartyr; Double II Class w/ Octave, Red; Comm. of the Octave of Christmas
27. St. John, Apostle & Evangelist; Double II Class w/ Octave, White; Comm. of Octaves
28. Holy Innocents, Martyrs; Double II Class w/ Octave, Violet (Red on Sunday); Comm. of Octaves
29. St. Thomas Becket; Semidouble, Red; Comm. of Octaves
30. Within the Octave of Christmas; Semidouble, White; Comm. of Octaves. When Sunday falls between 26 and 28 December, the Office of the Sunday within the Octave of Christmas is transferred to 30 December.
31. St. Sylvester, Pope & Confessor; Semidouble, White; Comm. of Octaves

Feasts added since 1570 which the CTO adopts, but sometimes with lower rankings:
3 Dec. - St. Francis Xavier - Universal cult and important figure of the Tridentine era. Simple rank instead of Double.
4 Dec. - St. Peter Chrysologus - Doctor of the Church. The CTO's principle is to give all doctors a universal feast with the minimum rank of Semidouble.
8-15 Dec - The CTO adopts the Office and Octave of the Immaculate Conception as revised and extended by Bl. Pius IX.
16 Dec. - St. Eusebius - an ancient bishop and martyr removed in the 1568 revisions. Restored but to a Simple rank instead of Semidouble.

Feasts added between 1570 and 1962 which the CTO does not adopt:

The CTO also, for the first time, proposes that two feasts which were ranked Double in 1570 be downgraded to Semidouble - St. Thomas Becket and St. Sylvester, both in the latter days of the Christmas Octave. The reason for this is to allow the Sunday within the Octave of Christmas to have at least a 3/7 chance (instead of a 1/7 chance) of being observed on a Sunday in a given year. The Christmas Octave is rightly loaded with the comites feasts, but the Office of the Octave should have a wider exposition beyond 30 December and the recurring, mandatory antiphons and psalms at Vespers. Our change does not go to the extreme of 1962 in which these two saints have been perpetually reduced to commemorations, but it may mean they are once every 6-7 years. Naturally, in  England, St. Thomas Becket has been and remains a particular Double I Class feast.

Overall, December's Sanctorale was already not encumbered with newer, obscure confessors of the post-Tridentine era, so the CTO did not have much to filter in this regard.

Not mentioned above is the fact that the Dominical and Ferial Office is that of Advent which means these Offices carry some privilege beyond the Per Annum Temporale which need to be considered together with the above Sanctorale. Specifically:

1. The first Sunday of Advent is a Semidouble Sunday of the first class which, therefore, outranks the celebration of any feast whatsoever that day. Feasts which are ranked double, of any grade, transferred to the next day on which no feast of double or semidouble rank occurs; feasts ranked semidouble and simple are commemorated in the Sunday's Office. Should a Double feast (e.g. St. Andrew), of any grade, fall on the Monday following, the feast has precedence in concurrence with Vespers of the Sunday.

2. The second, third, and fourth Sundays of Advent are Semidouble Sundays of the second class. The same rules apply to these as to the first Sunday except that Double I Class feasts, in the universal Kalendar, have precedence over the Sunday (e.g. Immaculate Conception).

3. The Feriae of Advent are all Major Feriae not privileged. On all feasts, Semidouble or higher, the Feria is commemorated daily at Vespers, Lauds, and Mass, without exception. On Simple feasts, the Office is of the Feria with a commemoration of the feast at Vespers the night before and at Lauds and Mass in the morning. All common vigils are excluded during the entire season. The weekdays from 17 to 23 December, furthermore, are greater feriae not privileged and exclude the observance of any particular octaves.

4. The Vigil of Christmas is a privileged vigil of the first class which excludes the observance of any other Office and has precedence over the Sunday when it so occurs.


  1. The vigil of St Thomas the Apostle is actually a very interesting day liturgically: http://thetridentinerite.blogspot.com/2012/01/december-20th-advent-feria-vigil-of-st.html

    I am not sure that *I* would have added Ss Francis Xavier or Peter C, only due to my prejudice for ferial days during these special seasons of the year. As much as it pains me to admit, you're right about the feast of St Thomas Becket.

  2. Erratum - I should have noted that there is a Mass for the Vigil of St. Thomas but no corresponding Office as it is a Greater Feria of Advent.

    St. Francis Xavier is here added as a Simple feast, which means a de facto Feria in Advent. The same holds for St. Bibiana the day before, such that three days between St. Andrew and St. Peter C would always have the Advent Office if they occur on or after the first Sunday. That's a better exposition of the ferial Office at the start of the new season that either Divino Afflatu or 1962ville have to offer.