Monday, December 30, 2013

Ordo for I-XIII January


1. Circumcision of Our Lord and Octave Day of Christmas, Double II Class, White. Proper Office. Doxology of the Incarnation at hymns of iambic meter sung in the melodies given for Christmas; this continues until None on 5 January inclusive. At Prime, verse Qui natus es de Maria Virgine, short lesson as on Christmas. At Mass, Gloria and Credo, Preface and Communicantes of the Nativity. At Vespers, commemoration of the following day.

2. Octave Day of St. Stephen, Protomartyr; Double, Red. Office and Mass as on the feast but with a proper lessons at Mattins and Collect for the Octave Day. At Mass, Gloria and Credo, Preface of the Nativity but no proper Communicantes. At Vespers, from the Chapter onward of the following day with commemoration of the preceding.

3. Octave Day of St. John, Apostle and Evangelist, Double, White. Office and Mass as on the feast; proper lessons at Mattins. At Mass, Gloria and Credo, Preface of the Nativity but no proper Communicantes. At Vespers, from the Chapter onward of the following day with commemoration of the preceding.

4. Octave Day of the Holy Innocents, Martyrs; Double, Red. Office as on the feast, but with proper lessons and Te Deum at Mattins. At Mass, Gloria, Alleluia, and Credo, Preface of the Nativity but no proper Communicantes.  Vespers of the following day with commemoration of the preceding.

5. Vigil of the Epiphany; Semidouble, White. Privileged Vigil of the second class. Office as on the Circumcision except for proper lessons at Mattins and Collect of the Vigil. Mass formulary taken from the Sunday within the Octave of Christmas with proper elements for the Vigil, Gloria, Comm. of St. Telesphorus, Pope & Martyr, Credo, Preface but not the Communicantes of the Nativity. Two Votive Masses of the Holy Name of Jesus with commemoration of the Vigil may be offered today. Vespers of the following day without any commemorations. From now until Compline of 13 January inclusive, proper doxology and melody of the Epiphany at the hymns of iambic meter.

6. Epiphany of Our Lord; Double I Class, White with Octave. Proper Office. At Mattins, no Invitatory and Hymn today only, begins immediately with first nocturne; 7th. antiphon w/ Ps. 94 chanted antiphonally as indicated today only, Te Deum. At Lauds, no commemorations. At Prime, verse Qui apparuisti hodie and short lesson Omnes de Saba today and throughout the Octave. At Mass, Gloria, no comm, Credo, Preface and Communicantes of the Epiphany today and throughout the Octave.At Second Vespers, no commemorations.

7-11. Days within the Octave of the Epiphany; Semidouble, White. All as on the feast except Mattins have an Invitatory and hymn, Ps. 86 replaces Ps. 94 along with the corresponding antiphon at the beginning of the third nocturne, and the lessons are proper each day. At Vespers and Lauds, proper antiphons each day at the Magnificat and Benedictus, no commemorations except for 10/11 January (comm. of St. Hyginus, Pope & Martyr). Seasonal orations commemorated at Mass. On 11 January, Vespers of the following Sunday within the Octave w/ comm. of the Octave.

12. Sunday within the Octave of the Epiphany; Semidouble, White. Office as on the days within the Octave. At Mattins, lessons proper (first nocturne - occurring Scripture = I Corinthians for Sunday, Week I after Epiphany). At Lauds, Benedictus antiphon proper for the Sunday, comm. of the Octave (12 January antiphon). At Mass, proper formulary for the Sunday, Gloria, Comm. of the Octave, Credo, Preface and Communicantes of the Epiphany. Two Votive Masses of the Holy Family may be offered with comm. of the Sunday and the Octave, but without the Proper Last Gospel because it is the same as that of the Sunday.Vespers of the following day w/ comm. of the Sunday.

13. Octave Day of the Epiphany; Double Major, White. All as on the feast except Mattins follow as for days within the Octave, and the proper Gospel given for the Octave Day at Mass. At Vespers, comms. of St. Hilary and St. Felix from the following day. After Compline, the doxologies and melodies for the hymns return to the Per Annum formularies.

Notes:

1. The Octave Days of the Comites feasts are preserved as Doubles.

2. The CTO does not adopt of the newer feasts of the Holy Name of Jesus and the Holy Family as these are mainly devotional and mostly redundant. In the case of the former, it is an extension of one aspect contained in the Circumcision; in the case of the latter, it is partly the same as that of the Sunday it replaces in the post-1911/1913 Kalendar. The CTO laments the permanent displacing (and tranferring of the Mass) of the Sunday within the Octave of the Epiphany in newer Kalendars, so we aim to rectify this occurrence by not observing the feast of the Holy Family universally. The CTO is undetermined as to when a better time, if any, should be accorded to this feast as a local concession. Likewise, we see the Holy Name as unnecessarily displacing the Vigil of the Epiphany when 5 January falls on Sunday, but we would concede a local feast for the Holy Name affixed always to 2 January and never on Sunday except by accidental occurrence of the date. In both cases, however, we do make a concession that two Votive Masses taken from the 20th. century Mass formularies may be offered on the respective Sundays, but the Office of the Octave reigns supreme for its entirety.

3. No other feasts or added or subtracted or reduced in rank as found in the 1568/1570 Kalendar.

4. The Octave of the Epiphany excludes the celebration of feasts below the rank of Double I Class on particular Kalendars. Any such local feast would be transferred to the first day below Double rank after the Octave.





Tuesday, December 24, 2013

IX ante Kalendas Januarii - Vigilia Nativitatis Domini

Tuesday, 24 December 2013
Vigil of the Nativity of Our Lord; Privileged Vigil of the First Class, Violet
At Mattins - Simple Rite; From Lauds - Double Rite

Office: Proper for the Vigil. Hymns at the Hours are sung in the Advent melody with the regular doxology.


At Mattins: Invitatory Hodie scietis from the Proper, Hymn Verbum supernum from the Common of Advent, 1 nocturne = antiphons and psalms from the Psalter for Tuesday, Versicle Proper Hodie scietis, 3 lessons and responds from the Proper, No Te Deum.

At Lauds: Antiphons Judea et Jerusalem, etc.(doubled) from the Proper w/ psalms of Sunday, Chapter properHymn Vox clara ecce intonat from the Common of Advent, and Versicle from the Proper, Benedictus antiphon Orietur from the Proper, Collect from the Proper, No Commemorations or Suffrages.

At Prime: First antiphon from Lauds w/ Pss. 53, 118.1, and 118.2; Chapter Regi, Verse in short respond = Qui venturus es in  mundum, No Preces, Special introduction in the Martyrology announcing Our Lord's Nativity sung in the tones indicated, Short Lesson Per quem from the Proper.

At the Hours: Respective antiphons from Lauds w/ the respective divisiones of Ps. 118, all else as in the Proper.

At Mass (after None): No Gloria, No Commemorations, Alleluia and its verse are omitted, No Credo, Common Preface (or Preface of Advent ad libitum), Benedicamus Domino.

CRASTINA DIE DELEBITUR INIQUITAS TERRAE; 
ET REGNABIT SUPER NOS SALVATOR MUNDI!!!

After None/Mass, Advent expires and the Christmas season begins. The liturgical color changes to white for Our Lord's Nativity. From now until Second Vespers of the Purification, the verse and oration after the Marian Anthem (which remains Alma Redemptoris Mater) are Post partum and Deus qui salutis, respectively. From now until None of 5 January inclusive, unless the contrary be stated, the proper doxology of the Incarnation Gloria tibi, Domine, qui natus es de Virgine is employed in all hymns of iambic pentameter in Offices both of the season and on feasts, and all hymns are sung in the melodies given for Christmas.

At Vespers: Antiphons Rex pacificus etc.(doubled) w/ Pss. 109, 110, 111, 112, & 116 from the Proper, Chapter, Hymn Christe, Redemptor omnium, and Versicle from the Proper, Magnificat antiphon Cum ortus fuerit from the Proper, Collect from the Proper, No Commemorations or Suffrages.

At Compline: Te lucis sung in the proper melody and doxology for Christmas, No Preces, Alma Redemptoris Mater sung in the Solemn Tone, kneeling.



Friday, December 20, 2013

XII ante Kalendas Januarii - S. Thomae Apostoli - O Oriens

Saturday, 21 December 2013
St. Thomas, Apostle & Martyr; Double II Class, Red
Comm. of Ember Saturday in Advent

Office: Festal Office from the Common of Apostles. Hymns at the Hours are sung in the Advent melody with the regular doxologies.

At Mattins: Invitatory Regem Apostolorum, Hymn Aeterna Christi munera, 3 nocturnes = antiphons (doubled) and psalms from the Common, 1st. nocturne - lessons and responds from the Common, 2nd. & 3rd. nocturnes - lessons from the Proper w/ responds from the Common, Lesson 8 = 8&9 combined, Lesson 9 of Ember Saturday (=3 lessons combined), Te Deum.

At Lauds: Antiphons Hoc est praeceptum meum, etc. from the Common w/psalms of Sunday, ChapterHymn Exsulter, and Versicle from the Common, Benedictus antiphon Quia vidisti, Thoma from the Proper, Collect from the Proper, Comm. of the Ember Day (Antiphon - Nolite timere for 21 December, Versicle Vox clamantis, Collect from the Proper), No Suffrages.

At Prime: First antiphon from Lauds w/ Pss. 53, 118.1, and 118.2; Chapter Regi, Verse in short respond = Qui venturus es in  mundum, No Preces, Short Lesson Ibant Apostoli from the Common.

At the Hours: Respective antiphons from Lauds w/ the respective divisiones of Ps. 118, Chapter, Hymn, and Short Respond from the Common, Collect as at Lauds.

At Mass (after Terce):  Gloria, Comm. of the Ember Day, Credo, Preface of the Apostles, Ite missa est, Proper Last Gospel of the Ember Day.

In places outside of conventual Masses when allowed: After None, second Mass of the Ember Day w/o commemoration of St. Thomas. At the earlier Mass of St. Thomas, the Ember Day snd its Proper Last Gospel are not commemorated.

At Second Vespers: Antiphons Juravit, etc. w/ Pss. 109, 112, 115, 125, & 138 from the Common, Chapter, Hymn Exsultet, and Versicle from the Common, Magnificat antiphon Quia vidisti, Thoma from the Proper, Collect from the Proper, Commemoration of the following Sunday (Antiphon = O Oriens, Versicle Rorate, Collect of the following Sunday), No Suffrages.

At Compline: No Preces, Alma Redemptoris Mater sung in the Solemn Tone, standing.

After Compline, the liturgical color changes to violet for the 4th. Sunday of Advent.

XIII ante Kalendas Januarii - O Clavis David - Vigilia S. Thomae

Friday, 20 December 2013
Ember Friday of Advent; Simple, Violet
At Mass only: Comm. of the Vigil of St. Thomas the Apostle


Office: Ferial Office of Advent. Hymns at the Hours are sung in the Advent melody with the regular doxologies. Today is a kneeling day through None inclusive, that is, at all Preces and Collects in the Office and likewise at Mass for the Collect(s), from the Sanctus-Communion, and the Postcommunion(s) all, save the officiant/celebrant, kneel.

At Mattins: Invitatory Prope est jam Dominus, Hymn Verbum supernum, 1 nocturne = antiphons and psalms from the Psalter for Friday, proper Versicle for Advent, 3 lessons and responds from the occurring Scripture (Ember Friday, Week III Advent), No Te Deum.

At Lauds: Antiphons Constantes estote, etc. from the Proper for the Friday before Christmas Eve w/ psalms from the Psalter for Friday, ChapterHymn Vox clara ecce intonat, and Versicle as given for Feriae of Advent, Benedictus antiphon Ex quo facta est from the Proper, Ferial Preces, Collect from the Proper for Ember Friday, No Commemorations or Suffrages.

At Prime: First antiphon from Lauds w/ Pss. 53, 21, 118.1, and 118.2; Chapter Pacem, Verse in short respond = Qui venturus es in  mundum, Ferial Preces, Short Lesson Domine, miserere for the Advent season.

At the Hours: Respective antiphons from Lauds w/ the respective divisiones of Ps. 118, Chapter, Hymn, and Short Respond from the Ferial Office of Advent, Ferial Preces, Collect as at Lauds.

At Mass (after None, celebrated in violet): Proper Mass for the Ember Day, No Gloria, Comm. of the Vigil, 3rd.. orations taken from the seasonal Marian commemorations, No Credo, Common Preface (Advent Preface ad libitum), Benedicamus Domino, Proper Last Gospel of the Vigil.

In places outside of conventual Masses when allowed: Second Mass of the Vigil of St. Thomas w/o commemorations or Proper Last Gospel of the Ember Day. At the earlier Mass of the Ember Day, the Vigil and its Proper Last Gospel are not commemorated.

After None/Mass, the liturgical color changes to red for the following feast of St. Thomas the Apostle; Double II Class. The Advent melody for the hymns at Compline and the Hours remains in effect.

At Vespers: Antiphons Hoc est praeceptum meum, etc. w/ Pss. 109, 110, 111, 112, & 116 from the Common of Apostles, Chapter, Hymn Exsultet, and Versicle from the Common, Magnificat antiphon Quia vidisti, Thoma from the Proper, Collect from the Proper for the feast, Commemoration of the Feria (Antiphon = O Clavis David, Versicle Rorate, Collect of the preceding Sunday), No Suffrages.

At Compline: No Preces, Alma Redemptoris Mater sung in the Solemn Tone, kneeling.


Tuesday, December 17, 2013

XVI ante Kalendas Januarii - O Sapientia

Tuesday, 17 December 2013
Greater Feria of Advent; Simple, Violet

Office: Ferial Office of Advent. Hymns at the Hours are sung in the Advent melody with the regular doxologies. Today is a kneeling day, that is, at all Preces and Collects in the Office and likewise at Mass for the Collect(s), from the Sanctus-Communion, and the Postcommunion(s) all, save the officiant/celebrant, kneel.

At Mattins: Invitatory Prope est jam Dominus, Hymn Verbum supernum, 1 nocturne = antiphons and psalms from the Psalter for Tuesday, proper Versicle for Advent, 3 lessons and responds from the occurring Scripture (Tuesday, Week III Advent), No Te Deum.

At Lauds: Antiphons Rorate caeli, etc. from the Proper for the Tuesday before Christmas Eve w/ psalms from the Psalter for Tuesday, Chapter, Hymn Vox clara ecce intonat, and Versicle as given for Feriae of Advent, Benedictus antiphon Tu Bethlehem from the Proper, Ferial Preces, Collect of the preceding Sunday, No Commemorations or Suffrages.

At Prime: First antiphon from Lauds w/ Pss. 53, 24, 118.1, and 118.2; Chapter Pacem, Verse in short respond = Qui venturus es in  mundum, Ferial Preces, Short Lesson Miserere for the Advent season.

At the Hours: Respective antiphons from Lauds w/ the respective divisiones of Ps. 118, Chapter, Hymn, and Short Respond from the Ferial Office of Advent, Ferial Preces, Collect of the preceding Sunday.

At Mass (after None, celebrated in violet): Propers from the preceding Sunday, No Gloria, 2nd. orations taken from the seasonal Marian commemorations, 3rd. orations at the choice of the Celebrant, Alleluia and its verse omitted, No Credo, Common Preface (Advent Preface ad libitum), Benedicamus Domino.

At Vespers: Antiphons and psalms from the Psalter for Tuesday; Chapter, Hymn Conditor alme siderum, and Versicle from the Ferial Office of Advent, Magnificat antiphon = O Sapientia for 17 December, Ferial Preces, Collect of the preceding Sunday, No Commemorations or Suffrages.


At Compline: Preces, Alma Redemptoris Mater sung in the Simple Tone, kneeling.

After Compline, the liturgical color remains violet for the Ember Day following.





Tuesday, December 10, 2013

Immaculate Conception, Octave, Advent, and Loreto

Yesterday was the feast of the Immaculate Conception (IC), and today we find ourselves in the second day of this feast's Octave. Our friend, RadTrad wrote a bit about Pius IX's new Office for the IC following his defining the dogma in 1854, and in the course of his post posed an interesting point which we here at the CTO had not considered hitherto. We speak of the place allocated to the Second Sunday of Advent and its week whilst the IC's Octave covers Sunday-Sunday this year.

Perusing an 1854 (entirely coincidental that it's the same year as the dogma) in our possession, the Office for 8 December is Conceptio B.M.V., designated as a Double II Class with an Octave. Yes, there is an Octave for the IC (or simply C before 1854) which predates the dogma. As to the age of this Octave, we are not entirely sure and limited for time to research this history. Under the table of occurrence then in effect, the IC, being but a Double II Class, would have yielded place to the Second Sunday of Advent and been transferred to today with commemoration of the Feria; Vespers last evening would have been I Vespers of the IC with commemoration of the Sunday.

Upon its rise to Double I Class rank and continuing into the Divino Afflatu era (also reprised in 1962ville) the IC outranks the Sunday. Likewise, the days within the Octave outrank the Advent Feriae, which brings us to the dilemma - there is no day on which the integral Mass and Office of the Second Sunday may be said this year. While the Sunday's third nocturne at Mattins, its orations and Gospel from the Mass, and the daily Magnificat/Benedictus antiphons are commemorated, the five Lauds/Hours/Vespers antiphons proper to the Sunday are skipped over entirely. The CTO sees only two valid solutions which would give these five antiphons exposure:

1. Eliminate the Octave.
2. Establish a privileged Feria on 9 December in which the Sunday antiphons would be assigned with the ferial psalms at Lauds and the Hours. The Chapters would also be taken from the Sunday rather than the Ferial Common of Advent.

Speaking of Octaves - during the entirety of Lent, they are forbidden, yet only forbidden for the last seven days of Advent. This whilst the Suffrages are suppressed during the entirety of Advent, but only suppressed during Passiontide. Perhaps a consistency needs to be applied for both penitential seasons; therefore, a justification whose name is not Pius XII/Bugnini exists to eliminate the Octave of the IC. If the Annunciation (a greater feast) has no Octave, why the IC? What say ye? The CTO is not yet committed to proposing any change to the observance of the IC Octave pending further discussion.

Assuming the retaining of the Octave this week, a 1958 Breviary on hand has the feast of the "Holy House of Loreto" in the appendix given for 10 December as a Double Major in all dioceses of Italy and the adjacent islands. Similarly, in the US and Mexico is Our Lady of Guadalupe on 12 December, observed in varying ranks in varying dioceses. Both particular feasts are Marian, and would, therefore, not conflict with but extend the general Marian theme for the week. Likewise, since the Ferial Office is already hidden this week, these two feasts take nothing further away from Advent, but simply replace one festal Office for another. What are the readers' opinions concerning these feasts as both celebrate miraculous events not popular with modern rationalist thinking?