Wednesday, April 30, 2014

Sanctorale Maji

The month of May stands out as probably the month with the most changes to the Sanctorale as a result of adding new feasts after 1570, some swapping out in 1955, and eliminating three ancient (more or less) high-ranking feasts in the 1961 reforms. The CTO, naturally, aims to rectify all of the above, so here is our proposed May Sanctorale:

1. Ss. Philip & James, Apostles; Double II Class, Red.
2. S. Athanasius, Bishop, Confessor, & Doctor; Double, White.
3. Finding of the Holy Cross; Double II Class, Red. Comm. Ss. Alexander, Eventius, & Theodulus, Martyrs & Juvenalis, Virgin.
4. S. Monica, Widow; Simple, White.
5. S. Pius V, Pope & Confessor; Double; White.In the SSPV, Double I Class w/ Octave.
6. S. John before the Latin Gate, Apostle; Double Major, Red.
7. Feria
8. Apparition of S. Michael the Archangel; Double Major, White.
9. S. Gregory Nazianzen, Bishop, Confessor, & Doctor; Double, White.
10. Ss. Gordian & Epimachus, Martyrs; Simple, Red.
11. Feria
12. Ss. Nereus, Achilleus, & Pancras, Martyrs; Simple, Red.
13. S. Robert Bellarmine, Bishop, Confessor, & Doctor; Semidouble, White.
14. S. Boniface, Martyr; Simple, Red.
15. Feria
16. Feria
17. Feria
18. S. Venantius, Martyr; Simple, Red.
19. S. Pudentiana, Virgin; Simple, White.
20. Feria
21. Feria
22. Feria
23. Feria
24. Feria
25. S. Gregory VII, Pope & Confessor; Semidouble, White. Comm. S. Urban I, Pope & Martyr.
26. S. Philip Neri, Confessor; Simple, White. In Rome, Double I Class w/ Octave. Comm. S. Eleutherius, Pope & Martyr; Simple, Red.
27. S. Bede the Venerable, Confessor & Doctor; Semidouble, White. Comm. St. John, Pope & Martyr.
28. S. Augustine of Canterbury; Bishop & Confessor; Semidouble, White. In England, Double feast.
29. Feria
30. S. Felix, Pope & Martyr; Simple, Red. In France, S. Joan of Arc, Virgin & Martyr; Double I Class, Red w/ Octave.
31. S. Petronilla, Virgin; Simple, White.

Wednesday after the 2nd. Sunday after Pascha - Solemnity of S. Joseph, Patron of the Universal Church; Double I Class w/ non-privileged Octave. This year, that day is 7 May.

May sees the return of Simplex feasts, noticeably rare from late February through the end of April whilst Lent and the Paschal Octave reign supreme. The month begins with a strong Duplex-tide and then tapers off to a strong Simplex and ferial cycle in the second half. The CTO does not change the rankings of any feasts from what they were fixed in 1568/1570; hence, S. Monica, e.g., remains a Simplex feast.

The CTO adds the following feasts not contained in the 1568/1570 Kalendar:
1. S. Pius V on 5 May - naturally, we honor with a Duplex feast the very man who codified the very Kalendar, Breviary, and Missal upon which we base this entire enterprise. Even the Pacellian-loving SSPV can rejoice at this!
2. S. Robert Bellarmine on 13 May as a Semiduplex for reason of his being a doctor and a prominent figure of the immediate post-Tridentine era.
3. S. Venantius on 18 May as a Simplex. Here was a young martyr from antiquity whose feast was later added along with proper hymns.
4. S. Gregory VII on 25 May as a Semiduplex for reasons of his significance over the Liturgy during the Medievel period.
5. S. Philip Neri on 26 May as a Simplex universally on account of his Roman cultus.
6. S. Bede the Venerable on 27 May as a Semiduplex for reason of his being a doctor and enduring universal cult.

The CTO does not accept the following additions made between 1570 and 1962 all for reasons of local cult and/or obscurity:
1. S. Stanislaus, Martyr, on 7 May
2. S. Antoninus, Confessor, on 10 May
3. S. John Baptist de la Salle, Confessor, on 15 May
4. S. Ubaldus, Pope & Confessor; on 16 May
5. S. Paschal Baylon, Confessor, on 17 May (shh..don't tell the Eucharistic Crusade people in the SSPX)
6. S. Mary Magdalene de Pazzi, Virgin, on 29 May
7. S. Angela Merici, Virgin, on 31 May (
7a. For Pacellians, Queenship of the B.V.M. on 31 May (devotional, this theme is better suited to the Octave of her Assumption - also the CMRI also will frown deeply upon the CTO)

The CTO categorically rejects the 1955 invention of S. Joseph the Worker (colloquially referred to as either Joe the Worker, Joe the Communist, or Jerz the Werz). We rightly recognize that the Church has always sought to Christianize (neo-)pagan festivals, so in principle we accept the (on the surface) rationale of Papa Pacelli for instituting this feast. However, we retain Pius IX's Solemnity/Patronage of S. Joseph for Wednesday, 7 May this year. We see three reasons why, like the pre-1955ists, we cannot accept the new feast:
1. There is already an existing, ancient feast for Ss. Philip & James on 1 May which should, in theory, be cause enough to hold a Catholic festival that day to counteract the Communist unholy day. The reason it may not be enough tells one much about the state of liturgical consciousness of the Western Church in 1955.
2. The 19th. century moveable feast of the Solemnity of S. Joseph is beautiful, and one of the days during its octave has S. Joseph as laborer as a theme.  Hence, a redundancy and a qualitative and quantitative diminishment were effected by the new feast.
3. The texts of the new Office and some of the musical melodies for both the Office and Mass leave much to be desired. The second nocturne of Mattins reads like something Pope Francis would say today on the fly recounting masses of Italian workers gathering in S. Peter's square. The melodies are jarring - weird seventh mode constructions for the Lauds/Vespers antiphons which sound like nothing else in the Antiphonary and an Offertory chant which has no flow. Surely readers can point to other specific examples why this new feasts is an eye (and ear) sore.







Monday, April 21, 2014

Octava Paschae, etc.

Surrexit Dominus vere, alleluia! Happy Pascha to all CTO readers!

Being immersed in the rites of the Triduum and in the joyous festivities of these days, our posting here has been limited. Following are a few kalendrical notes to carry us through this great Octave and beyond.

Sunday, Monday, & Tuesday of the Paschal Octave are Doubles of the First Class. No feasts may be kept these days and no commemorations of saints are admitted. Hence, this year St. Anselm (Bishop, Confessor, & Doctor; CTO Semidouble) on 21 April is not observed. The pope-martyrs, Ss. Soter & Cajus (a CTO Simple) on 22 April are also not kept. Interestingly, both of these feasts are not on the 1568/1570 Kalendar, but owing to the first being a Doctor of the Church and the second celebrating martyrs of antiquity, we think it plausible to place them in the Sanctorale, though they won't be observed this year.

Wednesday-Saturday of the Paschal Octave are days of Semidouble rite but being that this Octave is privileged, no feasts may be kept on these days also, but they may be commemorated or transferred as this case may be. On 23 April, St. George, Martyr (Simple) is commemorated (both at Vespers on Tuesday evening and Lauds and Mass on Wednesday morning). The CTO does not admit post-Tridentine St. Fidelis of Sigmarigen, Martyr, on 24 April as a universal feast. 25 April is the Greater Litanies which remain observed on this Friday; the Rogation Mass is commemorated in the Mass of the Friday within the Octave and the Litany of the Saints is sung after Lauds. The Double II Class of St. Mark, Evangelist, however, is transferred to Monday, 28 April. On Saturday, 26 April, Ss. Cletus & Marcellinus, Pope-Martyrs (CTO Simple), are commemorated.

The first week after the Paschal Octave:

Sunday, 27 April - Low Sunday, Double Major, White. Comm. of St. Peter Canisius, Confessor & Doctor (Semidouble feast). First Vespers of the following day w/ Comms. of Sunday and St. Peter Canisius.

Monday, 28 April  - St. Mark, Evangelist, Double II Class, Red (transferred from 25 April). II Vespers of the feast w/ Comm. of the following.

Tuesday, 29 April - St. Justin, Martyr, Double, Red (transferred from 14 April). II Vespers of the feast w/ Comm. of the following.

Wednesday, 30 April - St. Catherine of Siena, Semidouble, White. At Lauds, Suffrage of the Cross during Paschaltide. I Vespers of the following w/ Comm. of the preceding.

Thursday, 1 May - Ss. Philip & James, Apostles, Double II Class, Red. II Vespers of the feast w/ Comm. of the following.

Friday, 2 May - St. Athanasius, Bishop, Confessor, & Doctor, Double, White. I Vespers of the following w/ Comm. of the preceding.

Saturday, 3 May - Finding of the Holy Cross, Double II Class, Red. Comm. of Ss. Alexander, Eventius, Theodulus, Martyrs & St. Juvenalis, Bishop & Confessor. II Vespers of the feast w/ Comms. of the following Sunday & St. Monica.

The CTO does not admit:
St. Paul of the Cross on 28 April - local cult
St. Peter of Verona on 29 April - religious order specific
Jerz the Werz on 1 May - no explanation needed!




Thursday, April 17, 2014

Feria Quinta in Coena Domini

XV ante Kalendas Maji MMXIV
Feria Quinta in Coena Domini
Violet/White, Privileged Feria of Double Rite

St. Anicetus, Pope & Martyr (Simple feast on 17 April) is omitted this year.

On the evening of Spy Wednesday, Mattins & Lauds are chanted in choir and form the first night of the service of Tenebrae. On the Epistle side of the choir is placed a triangular candelabrum holding 15 lit candles of unbleached wax. Additionally, six unbleached wax candles are lit on the altar. With Mattins this night, the Office is stripped bare; there is no Invitatory or Ps. 94 and no hymn; Mattins begin immediately with the first antiphon Zelus domus tuae which is doubled, and this follows for the remainder of the antiphons at the major Hours. The proper antiphons w/ Pss. 68-76 (really the first nine of the usual 12 psalms assigned to the Feria on Thursdays) are sung. Gloria Patri is now omitted entirely. After each psalm, one of the 15 candles is extinguished, beginning with the ones at the bottom and working up such that by the end of Mattins, only the six candles closest to the top of triangle remain lit. Mattins have three nocturnes as normative for a festal Office, though the psalmody is ferial; each nocturne ends with a versicle, a fully silent Pater noster, and a set of three lessons and responds, all proper. There are no absolutions or benedictions before the lessons, and Tu autem and Deo gratias are omitted at their end. Mattins end with the ninth respond.

Lauds immediately follow with five proper antiphons (again doubled) with Pss. 50, 89, 62-66, Canticle of Moses (Exodus), and 148-149-150 (i.e. the ferial psalmody of Thursdays). Five more candles on the triangle are extinguished after each psalm leaving the single candle at the top lit. A versicle is sung and then the proper antiphon Tradidit w/ the Benedictus. During the latter six verses of the Canticle of Zachary, the six candles on the altar are extinguished and then all remaining lamps are likewise leaving the church in total darkness, save for the one candle atop the triangle which is then taken away and hidden behind the altar at the Epistle side. The antiphon is repeated, and then all kneel and sing the first section of the Christus factus assigned to Maundy Thursday. Pater noster is again said silently and followed by the Miserere said recto tono and the Collect Respice whose conclusion is said silently. Finally, a loud noise, strepitus, is made by banging books/hands on the choir stalls after which the candle is brought back to the triangle and extinguished and all depart.

On Thursday morning after sunrise, the Little Hours are recited in succession. No candles are lit nor is chant employed. These consist of the Ps. 53 at Prime and Ps. 118 divided amongst Prime and the remaining Hours and the same Christus factus, Pater noster, Miserere, and Collect as at Lauds. Nothing else is added to these Hours and the Martyrology is omitted at Prime this day.

The Mass, celebrated in white, recalling the Last Supper is celebrated after None (effectively 9am). The Gloria is sung and bells are rung after which they will be silenced until the Paschal Vigil Mass. There is only one Collect, Secret, and Postcommunion. Credo. Preface of the Holy Cross. During the Canon, the Communicantes, Hanc igitur, and Qui pridie are all proper to Maundy Thursday. In Masses of the local Ordinary, the bishop interrupts the Canon shortly after the Consecration and blesses the three holy oils for his diocese.  Final blessing and Last Gospel as usual are followed by the Procession of the Blessed Sacrament to the Altar of Repose. Mass thus ends.

Following the reposition, upon returning the main altar/church, Vespers are recited in choir without candles lit. Chant may be employed ad libitum as given in the appendix of the 1954 Liber usualis. These immediately begin with the first antiphon. The five antiphons are proper (doubled) w/ Pss. 115, 119, 139, 140, & 141. There is then a versicle and the antiphon Coenantibus autem illis w/ the Magnificat; the antiphon being repeated, the Christus factus and all that follows at Lauds is recited/sung. Vespers being finished, the altar(s) is(are) then stripped, leaving only candlesticks and crosses.

In the early afternoon, the Celebrant and ministers vested in violet cope and folded chasubles, respectively, return to the sanctuary. The deacon, in broad stole, chants the Gospel again from today's Mass and then the ministers, removing their outer vestments, exit the sanctuary and proceed to the Mandatum, washing the feet of 13 clerics and/or laymen seated in the aisle of the nave whilst the choir sings the appointed antiphons. This being done, the ministers resume their outer vestments and several versicles and an oration are sung; all then depart.

In the late afternoon/early evening, Compline is recited. This begins with the Confiteor, Misereatur, and Indulgentiam followed by Pss. 4, 30 (1-6), 90, and 133. The Nunc dimittis immediately follows without antiphon and then the Christus factus and all that follows as at Lauds, except that the Collect Visita quaesumus is recited in place of Respice (again the conclusion is silent). Nothing else is added, and there is no final Marian anthem.

Tenebrae of Good Friday follows later this same evening.






Saturday, April 12, 2014

Dominica Palmarum

Idibus Aprilis MMXIV
Dominica Palmarum
Violet, Semidouble-I Class


At First Vespers, late Saturday morning - Antiphons & psalms from the Psalter for Saturdays; Chapter proper for the Sunday; Hymn Vexilla Regis and Versicle Eripe for Passiontide (Kneel for the verse O Crux); Magnificat antiphon Pater juste; Collect of the Sunday; Comm. of St. Hermegild, Martyr; no Suffrages.The noon Angelus is recited standing.

At Compline (in the evening) - Te lucis sung in the special melody given for Passiontide; the Gloria Patri is omitted in the Short Respond; Preces sung standing; Ave Regina Caelorum sung standing in the Solemn Tone.

At Mattins (late Saturday evening/early Sunday morning) - Invitatory Hodie si vocem audieritis without Gloria Patri at the end of Ps. 94; Hymn Pange lingua for Passiontide; 3 nocturnes: Antiphons and psalms from the Psalter for Sundays with Versicles proper for the Passiontide, lessons and responds from the Proper, no Te Deum.

At Lauds - Antiphons from the Proper for Sunday with Pss. 50, 117, 62-66, Benedicite, and 148-149-150; Chapter proper for the Sunday; Hymn Lustra sex and Versicle Eripe me for Passiontide; Benedictus antiphon Turba multa; Collect proper;  Comm. of St. Hermegild, no Suffrages.

At Prime - Jam lucis sung in the special melody for Passiontide; Antiphon from the Proper with Pss. 53, 92, 118.1, 118.2, and Quicumque; the Gloria Patri is omitted in the Short Respond; Dominical Preces; Short Lesson Faciem for the season.

At the Hours - Hymns sung in the special melody for Passiontide; Antiphons from the Proper with the respective divisiones of Ps. 118; Capitula from the Proper, Short Responds for Passiontide; Collect of the Sunday.

After Terce, the Asperges me is sung w/out Gloria Patri which is then followed by the Missa Sicca for the blessing and distribution of the palms. The Procession follows and ends with the singing of the Gloria Laus and the knocking on the door with the staff of the processional Cross by the Subdeacon. The Mass proper then follows. Ps. 42 omitted in the Prayers at the Foot of the Altar; no Gloria, no Comms. or extra orations at Mass, Passion of St. Matthew sung by three deacons and followed by the chanting of the Gospel in the beautiful special melody by the Deacon of the Mass, Credo, Preface of the Holy Cross, Benedicamus Domino. At other Masses not preceded by the Missa Sicca, Proper Last Gospel taken from the Missa Sicca.

At Second Vespers (in the evening) - Antiphons and psalms from the Psalter for Sundays; Chapter proper for the Sunday; Hymn Vexilla Regis and Versicle Eripe for Passiontide (Kneel for the verse O Crux); Magnificat antiphon Scriptum est enim; Collect of the Sunday; Comms. of the following Ss. Tiburtius & Valerian, Martyrs and of the preceding St. Hermenegild. The Double feast of St. Justin (fixed to 14 April) is transferred to 29 April, the first free day after the Paschal Octave.

At Compline - Te lucis sung in the special melody given for Passiontide; the Gloria Patri is omitted in the Short Respond; Preces sung standing; Ave Regina Caelorum sung standing in the Solemn Tone.

The first three weekdays Majoris Hebdomadae are privileged major Feriae. No feast may be celebrated herein. Feasts of Simple and Semidouble rank are commemorated whilst occurring on these days, while feasts of Double rite are transferred to after the Paschal Octave. As such St. Justin on 14 April will be observed on 29 April, the first free day available. 28 April is accorded to St. Mark, whose feast is also transferred this year.






Friday, April 4, 2014

Dominica de Passione

Dominica, VIII ante Idus Aprilis, MMXIV
Passion Sunday
Violet, Semidouble-I Class

In the late morning of Saturday, 5 April:
All sacred images, excepting those of the angels, are veiled in purple following the Mass of the Feria (which follows None). After this, Passiontide begins and First Vespers of Passion Sunday are sung.

At First Vespers - Antiphons & psalms from the Psalter for Saturdays; Chapter proper for the Sunday; Hymn Vexilla Regis and Versicle Eripe for Passiontide (Kneel for the verse O Crux); Magnificat antiphon Ego sum; Collect of the Sunday; No Commemorations; the usual Suffrages are omitted now and henceforth until after Trinity Sunday. The noon Angelus is recited standing.

At Compline (in the evening) - Te lucis sung in the special melody given for Passiontide; the Gloria Patri is omitted in the Short Respond; Preces; Ave Regina Caelorum sung standing in the Solemn Tone.

At Mattins (late Saturday evening/early Sunday morning) - Invitatory Hodie si vocem audieritis without Gloria Patri at the end of Ps. 94; Hymn Pange lingua for Passiontide; 3 nocturnes: Antiphons and psalms from the Psalter for Sundays with Versicles proper for the Passiontide, lessons and responds from the Proper, no Te Deum.

At Lauds - Antiphons from the Proper for Sunday with Pss. 50, 117, 62-66, Benedicite, and 148-149-150; Chapter proper for the Sunday; Hymn Lustra sex and Versicle Eripe me for Passiontide; Benedictus antiphon Dicebat Jesus; Collect proper; no Commemorations or Suffrages.

At Prime - Jam lucis sung in the special melody for Passiontide; Antiphon from the Proper with Pss. 53, 92, 118.1, 118.2, and Quicumque; the Gloria Patri is omitted in the Short Respond; Dominical Preces; Short Lesson Faciem for the season.

At the Hours - Hymns sung in the special melody for Passiontide; Antiphons from the Proper with the respective divisiones of Ps. 118; Capitula from the Proper, Short Responds for Passiontide; Collect of the Sunday.

At Mass (after Terce) - the Gloria Patri is omitted in the Asperges and in all instances where it is usually placed within the Mass; Ps. 42 omitted in the Prayers at the Foot of the Altar; no Gloria, 2nd. orations against the Persecutors of the Church, Credo, Preface of the Holy Cross, Benedicamus Domino.

At Second Vespers (in the late afternoon/early evening) - Antiphons and psalms from the Psalter for Sundays; Chapter proper for the Sunday; Hymn Vexilla Regis and Versicle Eripe for Passiontide (Kneel for the verse O Crux); Magnificat antiphon Abraham; Collect of the Sunday; no Commemorations or Suffrages.

At Compline - Te lucis sung in the special melody given for Passiontide; the Gloria Patri is omitted in the Short Respond; Preces; Ave Regina Caelorum sung standing in the Solemn Tone.

General note for Passion Sunday-Spy Wednesday at Compline inclusive when the Office and Mass are de Tempore: the short doxology Gloria Patri is retained at the end of all psalms (except Ps. 94 at Mattins) and canticles in the Office; it is otherwise omitted in all Responds and entirely omitted within the Mass. The omission of this doxology does not become absolute until the Triduum.

Kalendar for Passion Week:

M-Th - 7, 8, 9, & 10 April - Feriae of Passiontide.

Friday, 11 April - St. Leo the Great, Pope, Confessor, & Doctor (White, Double feast). Comm. of the Feria with 9th. Lesson at Mattins and Proper Last Gospel at Mass of the Feria. The Gloria Patri is restored to full usage this day. In some places ad libitum - Seven Dolors of the B.V.M.

Saturday, 12 April - Feria of Passiontide.