Thursday, April 17, 2014

Feria Quinta in Coena Domini

XV ante Kalendas Maji MMXIV
Feria Quinta in Coena Domini
Violet/White, Privileged Feria of Double Rite

St. Anicetus, Pope & Martyr (Simple feast on 17 April) is omitted this year.

On the evening of Spy Wednesday, Mattins & Lauds are chanted in choir and form the first night of the service of Tenebrae. On the Epistle side of the choir is placed a triangular candelabrum holding 15 lit candles of unbleached wax. Additionally, six unbleached wax candles are lit on the altar. With Mattins this night, the Office is stripped bare; there is no Invitatory or Ps. 94 and no hymn; Mattins begin immediately with the first antiphon Zelus domus tuae which is doubled, and this follows for the remainder of the antiphons at the major Hours. The proper antiphons w/ Pss. 68-76 (really the first nine of the usual 12 psalms assigned to the Feria on Thursdays) are sung. Gloria Patri is now omitted entirely. After each psalm, one of the 15 candles is extinguished, beginning with the ones at the bottom and working up such that by the end of Mattins, only the six candles closest to the top of triangle remain lit. Mattins have three nocturnes as normative for a festal Office, though the psalmody is ferial; each nocturne ends with a versicle, a fully silent Pater noster, and a set of three lessons and responds, all proper. There are no absolutions or benedictions before the lessons, and Tu autem and Deo gratias are omitted at their end. Mattins end with the ninth respond.

Lauds immediately follow with five proper antiphons (again doubled) with Pss. 50, 89, 62-66, Canticle of Moses (Exodus), and 148-149-150 (i.e. the ferial psalmody of Thursdays). Five more candles on the triangle are extinguished after each psalm leaving the single candle at the top lit. A versicle is sung and then the proper antiphon Tradidit w/ the Benedictus. During the latter six verses of the Canticle of Zachary, the six candles on the altar are extinguished and then all remaining lamps are likewise leaving the church in total darkness, save for the one candle atop the triangle which is then taken away and hidden behind the altar at the Epistle side. The antiphon is repeated, and then all kneel and sing the first section of the Christus factus assigned to Maundy Thursday. Pater noster is again said silently and followed by the Miserere said recto tono and the Collect Respice whose conclusion is said silently. Finally, a loud noise, strepitus, is made by banging books/hands on the choir stalls after which the candle is brought back to the triangle and extinguished and all depart.

On Thursday morning after sunrise, the Little Hours are recited in succession. No candles are lit nor is chant employed. These consist of the Ps. 53 at Prime and Ps. 118 divided amongst Prime and the remaining Hours and the same Christus factus, Pater noster, Miserere, and Collect as at Lauds. Nothing else is added to these Hours and the Martyrology is omitted at Prime this day.

The Mass, celebrated in white, recalling the Last Supper is celebrated after None (effectively 9am). The Gloria is sung and bells are rung after which they will be silenced until the Paschal Vigil Mass. There is only one Collect, Secret, and Postcommunion. Credo. Preface of the Holy Cross. During the Canon, the Communicantes, Hanc igitur, and Qui pridie are all proper to Maundy Thursday. In Masses of the local Ordinary, the bishop interrupts the Canon shortly after the Consecration and blesses the three holy oils for his diocese.  Final blessing and Last Gospel as usual are followed by the Procession of the Blessed Sacrament to the Altar of Repose. Mass thus ends.

Following the reposition, upon returning the main altar/church, Vespers are recited in choir without candles lit. Chant may be employed ad libitum as given in the appendix of the 1954 Liber usualis. These immediately begin with the first antiphon. The five antiphons are proper (doubled) w/ Pss. 115, 119, 139, 140, & 141. There is then a versicle and the antiphon Coenantibus autem illis w/ the Magnificat; the antiphon being repeated, the Christus factus and all that follows at Lauds is recited/sung. Vespers being finished, the altar(s) is(are) then stripped, leaving only candlesticks and crosses.

In the early afternoon, the Celebrant and ministers vested in violet cope and folded chasubles, respectively, return to the sanctuary. The deacon, in broad stole, chants the Gospel again from today's Mass and then the ministers, removing their outer vestments, exit the sanctuary and proceed to the Mandatum, washing the feet of 13 clerics and/or laymen seated in the aisle of the nave whilst the choir sings the appointed antiphons. This being done, the ministers resume their outer vestments and several versicles and an oration are sung; all then depart.

In the late afternoon/early evening, Compline is recited. This begins with the Confiteor, Misereatur, and Indulgentiam followed by Pss. 4, 30 (1-6), 90, and 133. The Nunc dimittis immediately follows without antiphon and then the Christus factus and all that follows as at Lauds, except that the Collect Visita quaesumus is recited in place of Respice (again the conclusion is silent). Nothing else is added, and there is no final Marian anthem.

Tenebrae of Good Friday follows later this same evening.

1 comment:

  1. Surely the deacon and subdeacon wear white dalmatic, stole, and maniple for the Maundy?