Wednesday, April 30, 2014

Sanctorale Maji

The month of May stands out as probably the month with the most changes to the Sanctorale as a result of adding new feasts after 1570, some swapping out in 1955, and eliminating three ancient (more or less) high-ranking feasts in the 1961 reforms. The CTO, naturally, aims to rectify all of the above, so here is our proposed May Sanctorale:

1. Ss. Philip & James, Apostles; Double II Class, Red.
2. S. Athanasius, Bishop, Confessor, & Doctor; Double, White.
3. Finding of the Holy Cross; Double II Class, Red. Comm. Ss. Alexander, Eventius, & Theodulus, Martyrs & Juvenalis, Virgin.
4. S. Monica, Widow; Simple, White.
5. S. Pius V, Pope & Confessor; Double; White.In the SSPV, Double I Class w/ Octave.
6. S. John before the Latin Gate, Apostle; Double Major, Red.
7. Feria
8. Apparition of S. Michael the Archangel; Double Major, White.
9. S. Gregory Nazianzen, Bishop, Confessor, & Doctor; Double, White.
10. Ss. Gordian & Epimachus, Martyrs; Simple, Red.
11. Feria
12. Ss. Nereus, Achilleus, & Pancras, Martyrs; Simple, Red.
13. S. Robert Bellarmine, Bishop, Confessor, & Doctor; Semidouble, White.
14. S. Boniface, Martyr; Simple, Red.
15. Feria
16. Feria
17. Feria
18. S. Venantius, Martyr; Simple, Red.
19. S. Pudentiana, Virgin; Simple, White.
20. Feria
21. Feria
22. Feria
23. Feria
24. Feria
25. S. Gregory VII, Pope & Confessor; Semidouble, White. Comm. S. Urban I, Pope & Martyr.
26. S. Philip Neri, Confessor; Simple, White. In Rome, Double I Class w/ Octave. Comm. S. Eleutherius, Pope & Martyr; Simple, Red.
27. S. Bede the Venerable, Confessor & Doctor; Semidouble, White. Comm. St. John, Pope & Martyr.
28. S. Augustine of Canterbury; Bishop & Confessor; Semidouble, White. In England, Double feast.
29. Feria
30. S. Felix, Pope & Martyr; Simple, Red. In France, S. Joan of Arc, Virgin & Martyr; Double I Class, Red w/ Octave.
31. S. Petronilla, Virgin; Simple, White.

Wednesday after the 2nd. Sunday after Pascha - Solemnity of S. Joseph, Patron of the Universal Church; Double I Class w/ non-privileged Octave. This year, that day is 7 May.

May sees the return of Simplex feasts, noticeably rare from late February through the end of April whilst Lent and the Paschal Octave reign supreme. The month begins with a strong Duplex-tide and then tapers off to a strong Simplex and ferial cycle in the second half. The CTO does not change the rankings of any feasts from what they were fixed in 1568/1570; hence, S. Monica, e.g., remains a Simplex feast.

The CTO adds the following feasts not contained in the 1568/1570 Kalendar:
1. S. Pius V on 5 May - naturally, we honor with a Duplex feast the very man who codified the very Kalendar, Breviary, and Missal upon which we base this entire enterprise. Even the Pacellian-loving SSPV can rejoice at this!
2. S. Robert Bellarmine on 13 May as a Semiduplex for reason of his being a doctor and a prominent figure of the immediate post-Tridentine era.
3. S. Venantius on 18 May as a Simplex. Here was a young martyr from antiquity whose feast was later added along with proper hymns.
4. S. Gregory VII on 25 May as a Semiduplex for reasons of his significance over the Liturgy during the Medievel period.
5. S. Philip Neri on 26 May as a Simplex universally on account of his Roman cultus.
6. S. Bede the Venerable on 27 May as a Semiduplex for reason of his being a doctor and enduring universal cult.

The CTO does not accept the following additions made between 1570 and 1962 all for reasons of local cult and/or obscurity:
1. S. Stanislaus, Martyr, on 7 May
2. S. Antoninus, Confessor, on 10 May
3. S. John Baptist de la Salle, Confessor, on 15 May
4. S. Ubaldus, Pope & Confessor; on 16 May
5. S. Paschal Baylon, Confessor, on 17 May (shh..don't tell the Eucharistic Crusade people in the SSPX)
6. S. Mary Magdalene de Pazzi, Virgin, on 29 May
7. S. Angela Merici, Virgin, on 31 May (
7a. For Pacellians, Queenship of the B.V.M. on 31 May (devotional, this theme is better suited to the Octave of her Assumption - also the CMRI also will frown deeply upon the CTO)

The CTO categorically rejects the 1955 invention of S. Joseph the Worker (colloquially referred to as either Joe the Worker, Joe the Communist, or Jerz the Werz). We rightly recognize that the Church has always sought to Christianize (neo-)pagan festivals, so in principle we accept the (on the surface) rationale of Papa Pacelli for instituting this feast. However, we retain Pius IX's Solemnity/Patronage of S. Joseph for Wednesday, 7 May this year. We see three reasons why, like the pre-1955ists, we cannot accept the new feast:
1. There is already an existing, ancient feast for Ss. Philip & James on 1 May which should, in theory, be cause enough to hold a Catholic festival that day to counteract the Communist unholy day. The reason it may not be enough tells one much about the state of liturgical consciousness of the Western Church in 1955.
2. The 19th. century moveable feast of the Solemnity of S. Joseph is beautiful, and one of the days during its octave has S. Joseph as laborer as a theme.  Hence, a redundancy and a qualitative and quantitative diminishment were effected by the new feast.
3. The texts of the new Office and some of the musical melodies for both the Office and Mass leave much to be desired. The second nocturne of Mattins reads like something Pope Francis would say today on the fly recounting masses of Italian workers gathering in S. Peter's square. The melodies are jarring - weird seventh mode constructions for the Lauds/Vespers antiphons which sound like nothing else in the Antiphonary and an Offertory chant which has no flow. Surely readers can point to other specific examples why this new feasts is an eye (and ear) sore.


  1. Comment from TheRadTrad (evidently the comment verification code is not functioning properly):

    I would suggest keeping the feast of dear St Philip Neri. Being the General Roman Kalendar this is a calendar, first and foremost, for the diocese of Rome and secondly for dioceses using the Roman rite. St Philip is one of the great saints in the history of the City, certainly the greatest non-pope saint of the 2nd millennium. Would it be too much to ask to keep him, like so many other Roman saints, as a Simple feast with an option for a Double I Class for Oratorians and parishes under his patronage?

    As for San Guiseppe Communista, listen to this ear sore:

    The Offertory is just as bad.

    1. Your point about S. Philip Neri is well taken; we will update accordingly.

    2. At least the Alleluia versicle is from the Common. Confession - I've actually sung these propers once or twice; hence point #3 above.

    3. I would apply to the Roman Penitentiary for absolution then.

  2. You have the Feast of St John before the Lateran Gate as "White", I though all feasts of Apostles were celebrated in Red (as St John is an honorary martyr as it were)? Rubricarius has the feast in Red in his Ordo?

    1. Andrew, thanks for pointing out the typo. It is now corrected.