Tuesday, May 27, 2014

Ordo for 1-7 June



Sunday - Sunday within the Octave of the Ascension, semiduplex, white. All as on the feast of the Ascension except what is given proper for the Sunday. At Lauds and Mass, comm. of the Octave. II Vespers of Sunday; comms. of the following day within the Octave (=antiphon from I Vespers of the feast) and of Ss. Marcellinus, etc.

Monday -  Within the Octave, semiduplex, white. All as on the feast except proper lessons at Mattins and no doubling the antiphons at the major Hours. Comm. Ss. Marcellinus, Peter, & Erasmus, Mm at Mattins (lesson IX), Lauds, and Mass. Vespers the same as II Vespers of the feast.

Tuesday - Within the Octave, semiduplex, white. All as on the feast except proper lessons at Mattins and no doubling the antiphons at the major Hours. Vespers the same as II Vespers of the feast.

Wednesday - Within the Octave, semiduplex, white. All as on the feast except proper lessons at Mattins and no doubling the antiphons at the major Hours. Vespers of the following Octave Day (=I Vespers of the feast), Comm. S. Boniface, M.

Thursday - Octave Day of the Ascension, duplex majus, white. All as on the feast except what is given proper for the Octave Day. Comm. S. Boniface, M, at Mattins (lesson IX), Lauds, and Mass. II Vespers of the Octave Day, comm. of the following S. Norbert.

Friday - Friday before the Vigil of Pentecost*, semiduplex, white.All as of the feast of the Ascension except what is given proper for this day. Comm. S. Norbert, BC, at Mattins (lesson IX), Lauds, and Mass. Vespers of the following Vigil w/o comms.

Saturday - Vigil of Pentecost, semiduplex II classis privileged, white. All as on the Sunday within the Octave of the Ascension except what is given proper for the Vigil. After None, the color changes to violet and the Vigil begins (d and sd wear folded chasubles); the Mass which anticipates the joy of Pentecost (in red, d and sd in dalmatic and tunicle) follows the Vigil. Vespers of the following feast of Pentecost. From now until None of the following Saturday, the proper doxology and melody of Pentecost is sung for all hymns at the Hours.

* A peculiar rubric in the Breviary is that this one day between the Octave of the Ascension and the Vigil of Pentecost is kept as a semidouble "feria" retaining all the same elements of the Octave just concluded. Hence, the Simplex feast of S. Norbert is only commemorated this year. It is interesting to note that the entire novena period is festal and is not allowed ever to revert to the Ferial psalmody at Mattins, even if only for a day. What do the readers think about this special case? Could it be that the Church wanted to keep this entire period distinct from the general weekdays of the Paschal season before the Ascension? A distinction muddied post-1955 and completely obliterated in 1970.


Sanctorale Junii

The month of June caps our year-long endeavor to produce a reasonable Sanctorale had the Kalendar been updated only sparingly since the time of S. Pius V. Therefore, this will be the last installment of posts for the proposed Sanctorale. While the Ordo will still be updated from time to time, there will be more posts to explore some of the finer intricacies of the 1568 Breviarium Romanum such as comparisons of the hymns pre and post Urban VIII, etc. As always we welcome criticisms and suggestions.

Changes from the 1570 kalendar are bolded:

1. Feria
2. Ss. Marcellinus, Peter, & Erasmus, Mm; Simplex, Red
3. Feria
4. Feria
5. S. Boniface, BM; Simplex, Red
6. S. Norbert, BC; Simplex, White
7. Feria
8. Feria
9. Ss. Primus & Felicianus, Mm; Simplex, Red
10. Feria
11. S. Barnabas, A; Duplex Majus, Red
12. Ss. Basilides, Cyrinus, Nabor, & Nazarius, Mm; Simplex, Red
13. S. Anthony of Padua, C; Simplex, White
14. S. Basil the Great, BCD; Duplex, White
15. Ss. Vitus, Modestius, & Crescentiana, Mm; Simplex, Red
16. Feria
17. Feria
18. S. Ephrem, CD; Semiduplex*, White. Comm. Ss. Mark & Marcellian, Mm.
19. Ss. Gervasius & Protasius, Mm; Simplex, Red
20. S. Silverius, PM; Simplex, Red
21. Feria
22. S. Paulinus, BC; Simplex, White
23. Vigil of S. John the Baptist; Simplex, Violet
24. Nativity of S. John the Baptist; Duplex I Classis, White w/ Octave
25. Within the Octave; Semiduplex, White.
26. Ss. John & Paul, Mm; Semiduplex, Red. Comm. of Octave.
27. Within the Octave; Semiduplex, White
28. S. Leo II, PC; Semiduplex. White. Comm. of Octave.
29. Ss. Peter & Paul, Aa; Duplex I Classis, Red w/ Octave
30. Commemoration of S. Paul, A; Duplex Majus, Red. Comm. Octave of S. John the Baptist only.

* Last year, we had St. Ephrem ranked as a Simple feast, a rendering which predated our later settled policy to accord all Doctors, both Eastern and Western, the minimal rank of Semidouble.




Friday, May 16, 2014

Weeks IV and V post Octavam Paschae (18-31 May, 2014)

Week IV

Sunday - IV post Pascha, semiduplex, white. Comm. S. Venantius, M at Mattins (Lesson IX), Lauds and Mass. II Vespers of Sunday; comm. of the following S. Pudentiana, VM. Dominical Preces at Prime and Compline; Suffrage of the Cross at Lauds and Vespers.

Monday - S. Pudentiana, VM, simplex, red. Suffrage of the Cross at Lauds and Vespers; Dominical Preces at Prime and Compline. Vespers of the Feria (white).

Tuesday - Feria, white. Suffrage and Preces.

Wednesday - Feria, white. Suffrage and Preces.

Thursday - Feria, white. Suffrage and Preces.

Friday - Feria, white.Vespers of the following day. Proper doxology and melody of Our Lady at Compline tonight and the hymns at the Hours tomorrow through None. Suffrage and Preces.

Saturday - of Our Lady, simplex, white. Suffrage at Lauds and Dominical Preces at Compline. Vespers of the following Sunday; Comm. of the following S. Gregory VII, PC, Suffrage of the Cross. Preces at Compline.

Week V

Sunday - V post Pascha, semiduplex, white. Comm. S. Gregory VII, PC at Mattins (Lesson IX), Lauds, and Mass. II Vespers of Sunday; Comm. of the following S. Philip Neri, C and preceding S. Gregory VII, PC. Suffrage of the Cross at Lauds and Vespers; Dominical Preces at Prime and Compline.

Monday - Rogation Monday, simplex (major feria not-privileged), Office-white/Mass-violet. Comm. S. Philip Neri, C at Lauds and Mass. At Mattins, no Te Deum. Suffrage of the Cross at Lauds; Dominical Preces at Prime. At Mass (violet), procession w/ Litany of the Saints, no Gloria, Comm. S. Philip Neri, no Credo. In places where S. Philip Neri is observed, Comm. and proper Last Gospel of the Rogation Day at Mass. Vespers of the following day, no Comms, Suffrage of the Cross. At Compline, Preces.

Tuesday - S. Bede the Venerable, CD, semiduplex, white. Suffrage and Preces. Vespers, from the capitulum, of the following; Comm. of the preceding, Suffrage of the Cross.

Wednesday - S. Augustine of Canterbury, BC, semiduplex, white. Comm. Vigil of the Ascension at Mattins (Lesson IX), Lauds, and Mass. At Lauds, Suffrage of the Cross. At Prime, Dominical Preces. At Mass, proper Last Gospel of the Vigil. After None, where conceded, Mass of the Vigil without comm. of S. Augustine. Vespers of the following without comms. or suffrage. No Preces at Compline. From Vespers, proper doxology and melody of the Ascension for the hymns at the Hours through None of the following Saturday, 7 June. All Suffrages and Preces cease from henceforth until after Trinity Sunday.

Thursday - Ascension of Our Lord Jesus Christ, Duplex I Class with Octave, White. Proper Office and Mass. At Mass, Gloria, no Comms., Credo, Preface and Communicantes of the Ascension. II Vespers of the feast, no Comm. of the following. In France, comm. of the following S. Joan of Arc, VM.

Friday - Within the Octave, semiduplex, white. All as on the feast except proper lessons at Mattins and no doubling the antiphons at the major Hours. Comm. S. Felix, PM at Mattins (lesson IX), Lauds, and Mass. Vespers the same as II Vespers of the feast, Comm. of the following S. Petronilla, V. In France, S. Joan of Arc, VM, Duplex I Class, Red w/ Comm. of the Octave.

Saturday - Within the Octave, semiduplex, white. Comm. S. Petronilla, V at Mattins (lesson IX), Lauds, and Mass. All as on the previous day. Vespers of the following Sunday, Comm. of the Octave.




Monday, May 12, 2014

Criticism of the CTO

Unlike good 'ole American superficiality and faux niceties, we here welcome disputation and criticism. The avoidance of debate (or the discussion of religion and politics) in everyday society as an absolute is a pet peeve against which I have an axe to grind. Oh, and forget having the below discussion with certain kinds of devoted devotionalists who would think Bring Flow'rs of the Fairest* represents the pinnacle of Catholic hymnody!

Venting aside, this noted absence and the corresponding ubiquity of superficial chit-chat has given me more than ample material to ponder the usefulness of a medium such as Facebook (a point to consider further on my personal blog). That said, I have found some "redemption" on that medium in the existence of group pages dedicated to specialized topics of interest in which conversations, and yes debates, of substance can and are had freely among informed and interested brethren. One such group page is dedicated as a discussion group of the Breviary (Roman, Anglican, or otherwise). Recently, one of the members of this page, who is keenly apt also to develop a personalized liturgical Kalendar, posted his Ordo for the current week, and he likewise invited others to do the same, so I obliged and posted the CTO's Order for this week. Here it is (abridged for the sake of brevity):

Sunday - III after Pascha, sd; comm. of the Octave of S. Joseph
Monday - Ss. Nereus, etc., sd; comm. of the Octave
Tuesday - S. Robert Bellarmine, sd; comm. of the Octave
Wednesday - Octave Day of St. Joseph, gd; comm. S. Boniface
Thursday - Feria
Friday - Feria
Saturday - of the BVM, s

A criticism was leveled against the CTO by stating it is "too frozen in amber" followed up by mentioning that at least 50 prunings and the same number of additions ought to be made to have a minimally good Kalendar for current use. One of the core principles of this enterprise is to use the 1570 Kalendar as a baseline upon which to prune/add/modify to the present day, essentially a redo to rectify the multiplication of Duplex feasts since Trent about which our friend Rad Trad has discussed here. Another principle is to maintain, more or less, the same balance of the Sanctorale v. Temporale that Pius V achieved in 1570; to this end, he cut out all but six feasts (if memory serves correctly) of saints canonized between 1100 and 1570; in other words, the Sanctorale was rebased on its core foundation of ancient Roman martyrs with fewer additions of later confessors, doctors, and holy women. We aim(ed) to achieve the same focus -  a strong centering on the ancient martyrs with a spartan sprinkling of only the most prominent and universal cultus saints canonized in the second millenium. Our critic seems to channel more of Pius XII-John XXIII-Paul VI than Pius V in his stated objective to prune the ancient martyrs and add many of the post-Tridentine and even post-Vatican II canonized saints (i.e. a resultant Sanctorale more akin to 1970 than 1570), albeit mostly as Simplex feasts in order to keep the Psalter in actuality rather than in theory. I counter that the CTO is a universal Kalendar which aims to accord the Ferial Office a fair exposition, neither too rare like the 1954 Kalendar nor too strong like 1962 or 1970; by so doing, there is plenty of room to allow diverse local feasts without making the translations of feasts a cumbersome enterprise like it was by 1910.

So, I ask - leaving aside particular disagreements about which feast to admit or not (e.g. Christ the King), is the CTO's Kalendar too frozen? How many saints (ballpark number) canonized since 1570 do you consider worthy of being on the universal Kalendar? I would say no more than 50, or about one per week on average, and the great majority thereof as Simplex.

* An auricular penance if there ever was one!