Friday, June 27, 2014

Sacred Heart: The Office Then & Now

Since some reference has been made by our friend, The Rad Trad, about the improvement to the Office of the feast of the Sacred Heart under Pope Pius XI when said feast was formalized and extended as a universal Double First Class feast along with a newly minted octave. The CTO had adopted this feast as the one and only addition to the Tridentine Temporale, but we have excluded the octave from universal observance. I myself will be observing the octave personally.

That said, I want to take this octave (and likely beyond) to compare the texts of the older Office of the Sacred Heart (as contained in the appendix of my 1854 BreviariumRomanum) to the Pius XI Office of 1928 currently observed in order to test the validity of Rad Trad's claim. I'm sure he doesn't mind. To make matters more interesting, my 1854 BR actually has two different Sacred Heart Offices in its pro aliquibus locis section, so we will be looking at three different sets of texts. My intention is to explore the five antiphons at Vespers and Lauds in this first post, then examine the capitula at these Offices and the Diurnal Hours, discuss the Hymns of the Major Hours, and finally devote three posts to each respective nocturne of Mattins in subsequent posts.

One point of general contrast between the two before we get into each Office is the ranking. In the older texts, the Sacred Heart is a Votive Office of Double Major rank observed ad libitum on the Friday after the Octave of Corpus Christi. As such, the rubric stated that Vespers on the Thursday evening before are to be Second Vespers of the Octave of Corpus Christi without a commemoration of the following. Since 1928, the Sacred Heart is observed universally as a Double First Class feast on the same day with an octave (Privileged of the Third Order under the Divino Afflatu system). Vespers on Thursday evening, therefore, become the First Vespers of the Sacred Heart without a commemoration of the preceding Octave Day; the Office of the Octave of Corpus Christi now ceases with None on the Octave Day instead of Compline.

Sacred Heart - The Five Antiphons of Vespers and Lauds
Under the new office, the Sacred Heart was accorded a separate set of five antiphons for First Vespers. This makes the new Sacred Heart Office similar to that of Christmas which also has distinct First Vespers' antiphons, the only major feast of the Temporale to do so hitherto. In the old office, there is a single set of five antiphons for both Vespers and Lauds.

1928 BR, First Vespers' Antiphons (no corresponding equivalent in the 1854 BR):
1. Suavi jugo tuo dominare, Domine, in medio inimicorum tuorum.
2. Misericors et miserator Dominus: escam dedit timentibus se.
3. Exortum est in tenebris lumen rectis; misericors et miserator Dominus.
4. Quid retribuam Domino pro omnibus quae retribuit mihi?
5. Apud Dominum propitiatio est et copiosa apud eum redemptio.

To the above are assigned Pss. 109, 110, 111, 115, and 129.

1854 BR, Office #1, Five Antiphons w/ Pss. 109, 110, 111, 127, and 147.
1. Discite a me, quia mitis sum, et humilis corde.
2. Sanctificavi locum istum, ut sit nomen meum ibi in sempiternum, et permaneant oculi mei, et cor meum ibi cunctis diebus.
3. Et dixi: Ergo sine causa justificavi cor meum, et lavi inter innocentes manus meas, et fui flagellatus tota die.
4. Secundum multitudinem dolorum meorum in corde meo, consolationes tuae laetificaverunt animam meam.
5. Pone me ut signaculum super cor tuum, ut signaculum super brachium tuum.

1854 BR, Office #2, Five Antiphons w/ Pss. 109, 110, 111, 127, and 147.
1. Discite a me, quia mitis sum, et humilis corde, et invenietis requiem animabus vestris.
2. Suavis est Dominus, et in aeternum misericordia ejus.
3. Sitivit in te anima mea; quia melior est misericordia tua super vitas.
4. Sancti, et humiles corde benedicite Domino: laudate, et superexaltate eum in saecula.
5. Beneplacitum est Domino in populo suo: et exaltabit mansuetos in salutem.

1928 BR, Lauds & Second Vespers' Antiphons w/ Pss. 109, 110, 111, 127, and 147.
1. Unus militum lancea latus ejus aperuit, et continuo sanguis et aqua.
2. Stans Jesus clamabat dicens: Si quis sitit, veniat ad me, et bibat.
3. In caritate perpetua dilexit nos Deus, ideo, exaltatus a terra, attraxit nos ad Cor suum, miserans.
4. Venite ad me, omnes qui laboratis et onerati estis, et ego reficiam vos.
5. Fili, praebe mihi cor tuum, et oculi tui custodiant vias meas.

The new First Vespers' antiphons are partially new compositions and partially borrowed and adapted from the Second Vespers of Christmas or Corpus Christi. The third and fifth antiphons are nearly identical to the third and fourth antiphons of Christmas, and are assigned the same psalms, 111 and 129, respectively. The second antiphon is borrowed and adapted (and forms a link) from the freshly finished Corpus Christi. The fourth antiphon is composed from a verse of the corresponding Ps. 115 and is likewise familiar as the text of the prayer said between the Communion of the two separate Species by the priest at Mass: What shall I give back to the Lord for all the things He has given me? To me, Ps. 115 provides a clearer connection to Good Friday while Ps. 129 establishes some penitential yet hopeful supplication within the context of a feast.

The first set of old antiphons, at first glance, seems very verbose and more stern in character (a Jansenist spin on its own antidote?); they also appear the most heavily imbued with devotionalism and the most devoid of connection to their corresponding psalms. Prayerful verbosity is certainly a mark of the post-Tridentine era. The second set of the old version has the longer and completed text of the same phrase for its first antiphon while its other antiphons are clearly linked to the Lauds' psalms they will couple with in the morning. Interestingly, Pius XI had to ditch the fifth antiphon (Beneplacitum, etc.) if not for any other reason than its text is taken from Ps. 149, discarded 17 years earlier from its traditional daily usage in the Roman Office. The second set overall appears to be the more liturgical of the two. In praying Mattins last night, the first lesson of the second nocturne mentions S. John Eudes as being the author of the preliminary liturgical texts of the Sacred Heart; how much or little of his influence in the 1854 texts cited above is not entirely clear to me, though I suspect the first composition probably bears more of his mark. Overall, both older versions show an Office in isolation which could in actuality (because it's a Votive Office) be said any day of the year irrespective of the season or feast.

The 1928 antiphons for Lauds and Second Vespers begin with two direct scriptural references from S. John's Passion forming today's link to Good Friday, which also forms the Gospel pericope of the feast's Mass. The other three antiphons are more devotional in content, though the fourth antiphon (the one not carried to a Day Hour) is also directly scriptural. All of them are divested from their corresponding psalmody. The new Office anchors itself to Corpus Christi, Christmas, and Good Friday, revealing more of a summation of the three timed at the very end of the moveable cycle of feasts.

Not to get ahead, but at least one of the old antiphons, from the first set, migrated as an antiphon into the 1928 Mattins text, but we'll discuss that later.

Discuss.




Tuesday, June 24, 2014

Heb. III post Pentecosten MMXIV

Sunday, 29 June - Ss. Peter & Paul, AA; Duplex I Classis, Red. Comm. III Sunday after Pentecost. At the Hours, solemn feast melody for the hymns. At Mattins, lesson IX of the Sunday. At Lauds, Comm. of the Sunday. At Mass, Gloria, Comm. of Sunday, Credo, Preface of the Apostles, Proper Last Gospel of the Sunday. II Vespers of the feast, Comm. of the Sunday only.

Monday, 30 June - Commemoration of S. Paul, A, Duplex Majus, Red. Comms. S. Peter & Octave of S. John the Baptist. Proper Office. At Mass, Gloria, Comms. S. Peter & Octave, Credo, Preface of the Apostles. Vespers of the following Octave Day w/ Comms. S. Paul and S. Peter.

Tuesday, 1 July -  Octave Day of S. John the Baptist, Duplex Majus, White. Comm. of the Octave of Ss. Peter & Paul..Office and Mass as on the feast. Vespers of the following day w/ Comms. Octave Day and Octave of Ss. Peter & Paul. From now until Compline tomorrow evening inclusive, proper doxology of the Incarnation sung in the melody of the B.V.M. for the hymns at the Hours.

Wednesday, 2 July - Visitation of the B.V.M., Duplex II Classis, White. Comm. Octave of Ss. Peter & Paul. Office from the Common of the B.V.M. and the Proper. At Lauds, Comm. of the Octave. At Mass, Gloria, Comm. of the Octave, Credo, Preface of the B.V.M. Et te in Visitatione. II Vespers of the feast w/ Comms. of the following and of the Octave.

Thursday, 3 July - S. Irenaeus, BM, Semiduplex, Red. Comm. Octave of Ss. Peter & Paul. Office from the Common of One Martyr and the Proper. At Lauds, Comm. of the Octave. At Mass, Gloria, Comm. of the Octave, Credo and Preface of the Apostles (ratione Octavae). II Vespers of the feast w/ Comm. of the following day within the Octave.

Friday, 4 July - Within the Octave of Ss. Peter & Paul, Semiduplex, Red. All as on the feast except what is given in the Proper. Vespers of the current.

Saturday, 5 July - Within the Octave of Ss. Peter & Paul, Semiduplex, Red. Vespers of the following Octave Day w/ Comm. of the IV Sunday after Pentecost.

Notes:
The CTO does not observe the 19th. century added feast of the Most Precious Blood on either 1 July or the first Sunday of July. As noted last year, we excluded this because it is devotional and belongs only on particular kalendars. Ditto for S. Anthony Mary Zaccaria on 5 July.

As noted in the previous entry, S. Irenaeus is added (was not on the 1568/1570 kalendar) here but on 3 July (entirely coincidental to 1962ville) being the first open day following the Divino Afflatu placement on 28 June. S. Leo II was already celebrated on 28 June in accordance with the Tridentine Kalendar.





Friday, June 20, 2014

Heb. II post Pentecosten MMXIV

Sunday, 22 June - Sunday within the Octave of Corpus Christi, Semiduplex, white. Comms. of the Octave and S. Paulinus, BC. Melody and proper doxology of the Incarnation for hymns at the Hours. All as on the feast of Corpus Christi except what is given proper for the Sunday. At Mattins, 9th. lesson of S. Paulinus. At Lauds and Mass, Comms. of the Octave and S. Paulinus. II Vespers of the Sunday w/ Comm. of the following day within the Octave (Magn. Ant. taken from I Vespers of Corpus Christi).

Monday, 23 June - Within the Octave, Semiduplex, White. Comm. Vigil of S. John the Baptist. All as on the feast except what is given proper. At Mattins, 9th. lesson of the Vigil. At Lauds and Mass, Comm. Vigil. . At Mass, Proper Last Gospel of the Vigil. Vespers of the following day w/ Comm. of the Octave. The proper doxology and melody of the Octave remain in force owing to no proper elements thereof from the following feast.

Tuesday, 24 June -  Nativity of S. John the Baptist, Precursor of Our Lord, Duplex I Classis, White w/ Octave. Comm. of the Octave. Office Proper. At Lauds, Comm. of the Octave. At Mass, Gloria, Comm. of the Octave, Credo and Preface of the Nativity of Our Lord (both ratione Octavae), Ite Missa est. II Vespers of the feast w/ Comm. of the following day within the Octave (Magn. Ant. taken from I Vespers of Corpus Christi).

Wednesday, 25 June - Within the Octave of Corpus Christi, Semiduplex, White. Comm. Octave of S. John the Baptist All as on the feast except what is given proper. At Lauds and Mass, Comm. Octave of S. John the Baptist. Vespers of the following Octave Day (all as at First Vespers of Corpus Christi) w/ Comms. of the following Ss. John & Paul and Octave of S. John the Baptist.

Thursday, 26 June - Octave Day of Corpus Christi, Duplex Majus, White. Comms. Ss. John & Paul, MM, and Octave of S. John the Baptist. All as on the feast except what is given proper. At Mattins, 9th. lesson of Ss. John & Paul. At Lauds and Mass, Comms. Ss. John & Paul  and Octave of S. John the Baptist. Vespers of the following day, no Comms. At Compline, proper doxology and melody of the Sacred Heart for the Te lucis; likewise, for the hymns at the Hours tomorrow.

Friday, 27 June - Most Sacred Heart of Jesus, Duplex I Classis. Office Proper. No Comm. of Octave of S. John the Baptist this day per Table of Occurrence. At Mass, Gloria, Credo, Preface of the Sacred Heart. II Vespers of the feast, Comm. of the following S. Leo II.

Saturday, 28 June - S. Leo II, PC, Semiduplex, White. Comms. Octave and Vigil of Ss. Peter & Paul. Office from the Common of Bishop-Confessors and the Proper. At Mattins, 1st. nocturne lessons from the occurring scripture w/ responds from the Common, 9th. lesson of the Vigil, Te Deum. At Lauds, Comms. of the Octave and the Vigil. At Mass, Gloria, Comms. Octave and the Vigil, Common Preface, Ite Missa est, Proper Last Gospel of the Vigil. Vespers of the following day (change to red) w/ Comm. only of the III Sunday after Pentecost.

Notes:
The CTO adds the moveable feast of the Sacred Heart to the Temporale with the Office and Mass as revised/decreed by Pope Pius XI. However, the CTO does not extend an octave for it; though, one may be observed ad libitum utilizing the proper lessons each day as found in Breviaries issued between 1932 and 1954. The Sunday following (i.e. the Third after Pentecost) is a Green (or white or red if another octave dictates so) Semiduplex Sunday with the Dominical Office per Annum subject to the usual rules of occurrence and concurrence; this year the Sunday is superseded by Ss. Peter & Paul.

Unless otherwise stated, days within octaves are not commemorated either in occurrence or concurrence with Duplex I Classis feasts. Hence, the Octave of S. John the Baptist "disappears" at both Vespers, Lauds, and the Mass of the Sacred Heart and likewise again for the same on the feast of Ss. Peter & Paul.

Prior to 1911, S. Leo II is observed on 28 June, and S. Irenaeus is not on the general kalendar at all. Divino Afflatu moved S. Leo II to 3 July and added S. Irenaeus on 28 June.  The CTO, seeking minimal disruptions from the Tridentine kalendar, keeps the former as is and then adds S. Irenaeus to 3 July, the reverse of Divino Afflatu, This is entirely coincidental to 1962ville's same placement for S. Irenaeus.


Wednesday, June 18, 2014

Sacred Heart?

Before we issue next week's Ordo, two questions to the readers:

1. Should the feast of the Sacred Heart of Jesus, as revised and extended by Pope Pius XI, be included in the CTO? Why or why not?

2. If yes to the first question, should it also have an octave or not?

Our commentary: Corpus Christi is one of the first ( if not the first) "idea" feast to be observed by the Western Church. To it was added an octave (of privileged status) which has been in continuous observance for over seven centuries. If Corpus Christi is a way to reflect on the overshadowed joys of Maundy Thursday, could not the Sacred Heart likewise be a way to focus on the glorious aspect of Christ's redemptive love overshadowed by the grief of Good Friday? There is a logic to instituting the feast of the Sacred Heart as the capstone to the Octave (and theme) of Corpus Christi. 

One priest once told me that the Sacred Heart is the essence of the entire Catholic Faith. Is it not true that the post-Tridentine era was also a time of a "cold" Catholicism? A coldness toward the Liturgy? A coldness in living a bold, integrated Catholic life? An era of Calvinist style Catholicism - individualistic, pietist, quietist, morally rigid? Cannot the Sacred Heart be the antidote to this, not as another sappy devotion supplanting the Liturgy but as a twin to Corpus Christi as a liturgical and liturgized devotion which can rekindle the Faith and practice of a warmer era?

As for an octave - this is perhaps too far an encroachment on the Liturgy. But then why allow an octave for Corpus Christi? On the other hand, the month of June is already loaded with octaves such that it will not be a question of the omitting the ferial psalms (these go back into hibernation again after today), but only of which festal offices will be celebrated in the coming weeks. 

Tuesday, June 10, 2014

Ordo - Heb. I post Octavam Pentecostes

Sunday, 15 June - Trinity Sunday, Duplex I Classis, white. Comm. I Sunday after Pentecost. Office Proper. Solemn melody w/ Per Annum doxologies for hymns at the Hours. At Mattins, lesson IX of the Sunday, Te Deum. At Lauds, Comm. Sunday, no Suffrages. At Prime, festal psalms & Quicumque, no Preces. At Mass, Gloria, Comm. of Sunday, Credo, Preface of the Trinity, Ite Missa est, Proper Last Gospel of the Sunday. II Vespers of the feast, Comms. of the following S. Barnabas and of the Sunday, no Suffrages. At Compline, no Preces.  

Ss. Vitus, Modestus, & Crescentia, MM, are omitted this year.

Monday, 16 June -  S. Barnabas, A, Duplex Majus, red (transferred from 11 June). All from the Common of Apostles except what is given proper. Ordinary melody w/ Per Annum doxologies for hymns at the Hours. No Comms. at Lauds & Mass. No Suffrages or Preces. At Mass, Gloria, Credo, Preface of the Apostles. II Vespers of the feast, no Comms.

Tuesday, 17 June -  Feria, Green. Ferial Office per Annum. Ferial melodies at the hymns of the Hours. At Mattins, lessons from Monday for the Incipit of I Kings, no Te Deum. At Lauds, Collect of the preceding Sunday, Suffrages of the Cross, etc. At Prime, ferial psalms, Dominical Preces. Mass of the first Sunday after Pentecost, 2nd. & 3rd. orations of Our Lady/Saints and choice of the celebrant, respectively, no Gloria, no Credo, Common Preface, Benedicamus Domino. Vespers (ferial psalms, from the Common from the Chapter onward) of the following S. Ephrem, Comm. Ss. Mark, etc., Suffrages of Our Lady, etc. At Compline, Preces.

Wednesday, 18 June - S. Ephrem, CD Simplex, White. Comm. Ss. Mark & Marcellinian, MM. Ferial melodies at the hymns of the Hours. At Mattins, ferial psalms, lessons 1 & 2 (=2&3 combined) of the occurring Scripture, 3rd. lesson of the feast, Te Deum. At Lauds (from the Common of Confessors not Bishops), Comm. Ss. Mark, etc., Suffrages of Our Lady, etc. At Prime, Dominical Preces. At Mass, Gloria, Comm. Ss. Mark, etc., Credo, Common Preface. Vespers of the following day, no Comms. or Suffrages. At Compline, no Preces.

From now until None of the following Thursday inclusive, unless the contrary be stated, proper doxology and melody of the Incarnation for the hymns of the Hours. Likewise, all Suffrages and Preces are omitted.

Thursday, 19 June - Corpus Christi, Duplex I Classis, White w/ Octave*. Proper Office. At Mass, Gloria, Credo, Preface of the Nativity, Ite Missa est, Procession. II Vespers of the feast, no Comms. When Vespers are sung before the Blessed Sacrament exposed, all kneel for the final two verses Tantum ergo, etc.

Ss. Gervasius & Protasius, MM, are omitted this year.

Friday, 20 June - Within the Octave, Semiduplex, White. All as on the feast except that the antiphons are not doubled at the major Hours and what is given proper. Comm. S. Silverius, PM. At Mattins, lesson IX of S. Silverius. At Lauds and Mass, Comm. S. Silverius. II Vespers of the Octave, no Comms.

Saturday, 21 June - Within the Octave, Semiduplex, White. All as on the feast except that the antiphons are not doubled at the major Hours and what is given proper. Vespers of the following Sunday w/ Comms. of the Octave and of the following S. Paulinus.

*The Octave of Corpus Christi is privileged such that all feasts, except Duplex I Classis, are either transferred outside the octave or commemorated within in it as the rank would determine.



Thursday, June 5, 2014

Ordo pro Octava Pentecostes



Sunday, 8 June - Pentecost Sunday, Duplex I Classis, red w/ Privileged Octave. Office Proper. At Mattins, one nocturne (Pss. 47, 67, & 103), Te Deum. At Terce, hymn Veni Creator replaces the hymn Nunc, Sancte nobis today and throughout the Octave. At Mass, Gloria, no Comms., Greater Alleluia & Sequence, Credo, Preface of the Holy Ghost, Communicantes and Hanc igitur of Pentecost, Ite Missa est. II Vespers of the feast, no Comms.

Monday, 9 June -  Pentecost Monday, Duplex I Classis, red. All as on the feast except proper lessons at Mattins, proper antiphons for the Benedictus and Magnificat, and a proper Collect for this day. Mass is proper to the day.

Tuesday,10 June -  Pentecost Tuesday, Duplex I Classis, red. All as on the feast except proper lessons at Mattins, proper antiphons for the Benedictus and Magnificat, and a proper Collect for this day. Mass is proper to the day.

Wednesday, 11 June - Ember Wednesday in the Pentecost Octave, semiduplex, red. All as on the feast except proper lessons at Mattins, proper antiphons for the Benedictus and Magnificat, and a proper Collect for this day. No doubling the antiphons at the major Hours. Mass (after None) is proper for this day, Gloria and Credo by reason of the Octave. At Vespers, Comm. of the following Ss. Basilides, etc.  S. Barnabas, Apostle,  is transferred this year to Monday, 16 June.*

Thursday, 12 June - Within the Octave, semiduplex, red. Comm. Ss. Basilides, Cyrinus,Nabor, & Nazarius, Mm.  All as on the feast except proper lessons at Mattins and proper antiphons for the Benedictus and Magnificat. No doubling the antiphons at the major Hours. At Lauds, Comm. of Ss. Basilides, etc. Mass is the same as the feast w/ Comm. of Ss. Basilides, etc. At Vespers, Comm. of the following S. Anthony of Padua.

Friday - Ember Friday in the Pentecost Octave, semiduplex, red. Comm. S. Anthony of Padua, C. All as on the feast except proper lessons at Mattins, proper antiphons for the Benedictus and Magnificat, and a proper Collect for this day. No doubling the antiphons at the major Hours.  At Lauds, Comm. S. Anthony. Mass (after None) is proper for this day, Gloria and Credo by reason of the Octave, Comm. S. Anthony. At Vespers, Comm. of the following S. Basil the Great.*

Saturday - Ember Saturday in the Pentecost Octave, semiduplex, red. Comm. S. Basil the Great, BCD. All as on the feast except proper lessons at Mattins, proper antiphons for the Benedictus and Magnificat, and a proper Collect for this day. No doubling the antiphons at the major Hours.  At Lauds, Comm. S. Anthony. Mass (after None) is proper for this day, Gloria and Credo by reason of the Octave. Alleluia is omitted at the end of the Sequence, Comm. S. Basil the Great.

After None and Mass, the Office of the Pentecost Octave and likewise the Paschal season ends, and the liturgical color changes to white. Vespers of the following Trinity Sunday w/ Comms. S. Basil the Great and the First Sunday after Pentecost. From henceforth until Advent exclusive, unless otherwise stated, the doxologies for the hymns are Per Annum and the melodies are the Per Annum Solemn, Ordinary, or Ferial as the case may be. The final Marian anthem is Salve Regina likewise until Advent exclusive.

* Under modified rules adopted by the CTO, only Duplex Majus and higher ranking feasts may be transferred. Hence, a Duplex (Minus) feast is not to be transferred; thus S. Basil the Great this year is reduced to commemoration on 14 June whilst S. Barnabas is transferred to the following Monday. This minimizes festal transfers again to "protect" the ferial psalter from too much encroachment. Indeed, the ferial Office will make a quick return two days next week we take a brief rest between two major octaves; transferring S. Basil would have reduced that to one day and eliminated any chance of ferial Vespers entirely that week.