Tuesday, December 30, 2014

Ordo - IV-X Januarii, MMXV

Hebdomada: None - Temporale is affixed to the Civil Calendar from 24 December, 2014 to 10 January, 2015 inclusive.

Notes for the Christmas Season & Epiphany Octave:
1. Unless otherwise stated, all hymns of iambic metre take the proper doxology of the Incarnation sung in the proper melodies for the Nativity  (until None on 5 January) or the Epiphany doxology and melody (from Vespers on 5 January through Compline on 13 January).
2. The Suffrages at Vespers and Lauds are omitted during the entirety of the Christmas season and Epiphany Octave.
3. The Preces at Prime and Compline are also omitted entirely during this season.
4. The Octaves of the Comites' feasts are Simplex in rank and rite. These octaves are to be commemorated on their dies infra unless the Office and Mass is of a Duplex I or II Classis feast. The respective Octave Days are Duplex in rank.
5. The Sunday between the Circumcision and the Epiphany is a vacant Sunday; it takes the Mass and Office according to the calendar date. Ad libitum, the feast of the Holy Name of Jesus may be observed on this Sunday in the rank of Duplex Majus with commemoration of the occurring day.
6. The Octave of the Epiphany has special privilege; all particular feasts of Duplex rite, except Duplex I Classis, are transferred to the first available day after 13 January; other feasts are commemorated or omitted as the case may be. Duplex I Classis feasts are observed with commemoration of the octave.


Sunday, 4 January - Octave Day of the Holy Innocents, MM, Duplex, Red. No Comms. Office and Mass as on the feast day with the exception of the proper lessons at Mattins and no proper Communicantes at Mass. II Vespers of the Octave Day (antiphons from Lauds w/ Pss. 109, 110, 111, 112, & 115), Comms. of the following vigil and S. Telesphorus.

Monday, 5 January - Vigil of the Epiphany, Semiduplex, White. Privileged vigil of the second class. Comm. S. Telesphorus, PM. Festal Office taken from the feast of the Circumcision and the Proper for the Vigil. At Mattins, Te Deum. At Lauds, Comm. S. Telesphorus. At Mass, Gloria, Comm. S. Telesphorus, Credo, Preface of the Nativity. First Vespers of the Epiphany, no Comms.

Tuesday, 6 December - Epiphany of Our Lord Jesus Christ, Duplex I Classis w/ Octave. Proper Festal Office. At Mattins, no Invitatory or hymn, begin immediately with the first antiphon, seventh psalm = Ps. 94 (Vulgate translation) sung in responsorial fashion w/ corresponding antiphon, Te Deum. At Lauds, no Comms. At Mass, Gloria, no Comms., Credo, Preface & Communicantes of the Epiphany. II Vespers of the feast, no Comms.

Wednesday, 7 January - Within the Octave of the Epiphany, Semiduplex, White. Office and Mass as on the feast except what is given in the Proper for 7 January. Mattins today and henceforth for the octave include the Invitatory and hymn; the seventh psalm = Ps. 86 sung with its corresponding antiphon in the usual way.

Thursday, 8 January - Within the Octave of the Epiphany, Semiduplex, White. Office and Mass as on the feast except what is given in the Proper for 8 January.

Friday, 9 January - Within the Octave of the Epiphany, Semiduplex, White. Office and Mass as on the feast except what is given in the Proper for 9 January.

Friday, 10 January - Within the Octave of the Epiphany, Semiduplex, White. Office and Mass as on the feast except what is given in the Proper for 10 January. First Vespers of the Sunday within the Octave of the Epiphany, Comms. of the Octave and the following S. Hyginus.

Wednesday, December 24, 2014

Ordo - Octava et Tempus Nativitatis MMXIV-MMXV

Hebdomada: None - Temporale is affixed to the Civil Calendar from 24 December, 2014 to 10 January, 2015 inclusive.

Notes for the Christmas Season:
1. Unless otherwise stated, all hymns of iambic metre take the proper doxology of the Incarnation sung in the proper melodies for the Nativity. 
2. The Suffrages at Vespers and Lauds are omitted during the entirety of the Christmas season and Epiphany Octave.
3. The Preces at Prime and Compline are also omitted entirely during this season.
4. The final Marian anthem, Alma Redemptoris, is still sung kneeling outside of Sundays, even on Christmas Day itself. Ditto for the Angelus.
5. The Octave of the Nativity of Our Lord has the normal semiduplex rank and rite for the dies infra but the Octave Day is a Duplex II Classis feast in its own right. Moreover, the ad-hoc rule for this octave is to retain commemorations thereof at the Offices of the Comites' feasts which are all Duplex II Classis in rank. 
6. The Octaves of the Comites' feasts are Simplex in rank and rite. These octaves are to be commemorated on their dies infra unless the Office and Mass is of a Duplex I or II Classis feast. The respective Octave Days are Duplex in rank.
7. The Office and Mass of the Sunday within the Octave of the Nativity is transferred this year entirely to 30 December with all inherent privileges in occurrence and concurrence. Nothing of the Sunday is, therefore, observed or commemorated on the feast of the Holy Innocents which falls on Sunday.
8. At Vespers from 25 December until 30 December inclusive, the antiphons and psalms are those of II Vespers of the Nativity in all cases without exception. These are doubled or not doubled, as the case may be, based on the rank/rite of the Office in effect. However, the Chapter and all that follows vary depending on the observance.


Sunday, 28 December - Holy Innocents, MM, Duplex II Classis, Red w/ Simplex Octave. Comm. of the Octave of the Nativity. Office from the Common of Several Martyrs and the Proper.At Mattins, the ninth respond is omitted and the Te Deum is sung ratione Dominicae. At Lauds, Comm. of the Octave. At Mass, Gloria, Comm. of the Octave, Alleluia replaces the Tract ratione Dominicae, Credo, Preface of the Nativity. II Vespers of the feast, Comms. of the following and the Octave.

Monday, 29 December - S. Thomas Becket, BM, Semiduplex, Red. Comms. of four Octaves, Nativity, S. Stephen. S. John, & Holy Innocents. Office from the Common of One Martyr and the Proper. At Mattins, today begins the occurring Scripture with 29 December, Te Deum. At Lauds, Comms. of Octaves. At Mass, Gloria, Comms. of Octaves, Credo ratione Octave Nat., Preface of the Nativity. Vespers from the Chapter onwards of the following day (change to white), Comms. of the preceding and Octaves.

Tuesday, 30 December - Sunday within the Octave of the Nativity of Our Lord, Semiduplex, White (transferred from 28 December). Comms. of four Octaves. Office from Christmas and the Proper. At Mattins, occurring Scripture of 30 December, Te Deum. At Lauds, Comms. of Octaves. At Mass, Gloria, Comms. of Octaves, Credo, Preface of the Nativity. II Vespers of the tranferred Sunday, Comms. of the following and Octaves.

Wednesday, 31 December - S. Sylvester I, PC, Semiduplex, White. Comms. of four Octaves. Office from the Common of Bishop-Confessors and the Proper. At Mattins, occurring Scripture from 31 December, Te Deum. At Lauds, Comms. of Octaves. At Mass, Gloria, Comms. of Octaves, Credo ratione Octavae Nat., Preface and Communicantes of the Nativity. Vespers of the following day, Comm. of S. Sylvester only.

ANNO DOMINI MMXV

Thursday, 1 January - Circumcision of Our Lord and Octave Day of the Nativity Duplex II Classis. White. Proper Festal Office. At Mattins, Te Deum. At Lauds, no Comms. At Mass, Gloria, Credo, Preface and Communicantes of the Nativity. II Vespers of the feast, Comm. of the following day only.

The proper Communicantes of the Nativity is not used after 1 January.

Friday, 2 January - Octave Day of S. Stephen, Protomartyr, Duplex, Red. Comms. of two Octaves, S. John & Holy Innocents. Office and Mass as on the feast (26 December) except for the lessons at Mattins and the proper Collect of the Octave Day. II Vespers of the feast (antiphons from Lauds of S. Stephen w/ Pss. 109, 110, 111, 112, & 115), but from the Chapter onwards of the following day (change to white), Comms. of the preceding and the Octave of Holy Innocents.

Saturday, 3 January - Octave Day of S. John, AE, Duplex, White. Comm. of the Octave of the Holy Innocents. Office and Mass as on the feast (27 December) except for the lessons at Mattins. II Vespers of the feast (antiphons from Lauds of S. John w/ Pss. 109, 112, 115, 125, & 138), Comm. of the following.



Tuesday, December 23, 2014

Ordo - Heb. IV Adventus et Nativitas Domini MMXIV

Hebdomada: Week IV of Advent until Tuesday inclusive

Notes for Advent (through None of Christmas Eve inclusive):
1. Unless otherwise stated, all hymns retain the Per Annum doxologies but are sung in the Advent melodies. 
2. The Suffrages at Vespers and Lauds are omitted during the entirety of Advent and from Christmas through the Octave of the Epiphany inclusive.
3. The Feriae of Advent are major, not privileged. Hence, they supersede all Simplex feasts and are commemorated at Vespers, Lauds, and Mass on all festal days of nine lessons without exception during the season. The ferial office and Mass are penitential; hence penitential kneeling rules apply.
4. Vespers are still sung daily at their normal hour; this is not Lent.
5. The deacon and sub-deacon wear violet folded chasubles in place of dalmatic and tunicle, respectively, at all Masses of the season except on Gaudete Sunday and Christmas Eve.

Sunday, 21 December - Fourth Sunday of Advent, Semiduplex, Violet. Privileged Sunday of the second class. Dominical Office of Advent. At Mattins, proper antiphons w/ the Sunday psalms and seasonal versicles for all three nocturnes, no Te Deum. At Lauds, antiphons proper w/ the Sunday psalms, Bened. Antiphon proper for 21 December Noli timere. At Prime, first antiphon from Lauds w/ Pss. 53, 117, 118.1, 118.2, and Quicumque, Dominical Preces. At the Hours, allocated antiphons from Lauds, Chapters proper. At Mass (after Terce), no Gloria, 2nd. orations of Our Lady in Advent, 3rd, orations against the persecutors of the Church or Pro Papa, Credo, Preface of the Trinity (or Gallican Advent Preface ad libitum), Benedicamus Domino. Vespers of the following day (change to red), Comm. of the Sunday w/ Great Antiphon O Oriens. At Compline, no Preces.

Monday, 22 December - S. Thomas, A, Duplex II Classis, Red (transferred from 21 December). Comm. of the Feria. Office from the Common of Apostles and the Proper. At Mattins, Te Deum. At Lauds, Comm. of the Feria. At Prime, no Preces. At Mass (after Terce), Gloria, Comm. of the Feria, Credo, Preface of the Apostles. II Vespers of the feast, Comm. of the Feria w/ Great Antiphon O Rex Gentium. At Compline, no Preces.

Tuesday, 23 December* - Greater Feria in Advent, Simplex, Violet. Kneeling Day through Compline inclusive. Ferial Office of Advent. At Mattins, no Te Deum. At Lauds and the Hours, proper antiphons (Tuesday before Christmas Eve) w/ ferial psalms, Bened. Ant. Ecce completa sunt from the Proper for 23 December, Ferial Preces, Collect of the preceding Sunday. At Mass (after None, of the preceding Sunday), no Gloria, 2nd. orations of Our Lady in Advent, 3rd. orations of the Holy Ghost, Alleluia and its verse are omitted, no Credo, Common Preface (or Gallican Advent Preface ad libitum), Benedicamus Domino. Vespers of the Feria, antiphons from the Psalter, Ferial Preces, Great Antiphon O Emmanuel w/ Magnificat (solemn melody 2D), Collect of the preceding Sunday. At Compline, Preces.

From now until the Saturday after Epiphany inclusive, the Temporale (inclusive of the occurring scripture) is fixed based on the civil calendar date.

Likewise, all Preces are omitted from now through 13 January inclusive.

Wednesday, 24 December - Vigil of the Nativity of Our Lord (Christmas Eve), Simplex at Mattins, Duplex from Lauds-None, Violet. Privileged Vigil of the first class. No penitential kneeling; deacon and sub-deacon wear violet dalmatic and tunicle today. Proper Office. At Mattins, Invitatory proper Hodie scietis, Hymn Verbum supernum for Advent, 1 nocturne - antiphons and psalms of the feria from the Psalter, Versicle proper for the Vigil, three lessons and responds proper, no Te Deum. At Lauds, antiphons (doubled) proper w/ Sunday psalms, Chapter proper, Hymn Vox clara for Advent, Versicle, Bened. Ant. and Collect proper, no Comms. At Prime, first antiphon from Lauds w/ Pss. 53, 118.1 and 118.2, Christmas proclamation solemnly sung at the beginning of the Martyrology. At the Hours, allocated antiphons from Lauds, rest proper. At Mass (after None, Proper Mass), no Gloria, no Comms., Alleluia and its verse omitted ratione feriae, no Credo, Common Preface (or Gallican Preface of Advent ad libitum), Benedicamus Domino.

From now until None of 5 January inclusive, unless otherwise stated, all hymns of iambic meter take the proper doxology of the Incarnation w/ the respective melodies (based on the Office) for Christmas.

First Vespers of Christmas (change to white), antiphons proper for First Vespers w/ Pss. 109, 110, 111, 112, & 116, Chapter proper, Hymn Christe, Redemptor for Christmas, Versicle and Magnif. Ant. proper, Collect of Christmas, no Comms. Compline is sung earlier in the evening so that Mattins of Christmas may be sung with sufficient time before the first Mass at Midnight.

Thursday, 25 December - Nativity of Our Lord Jesus Christ, Duplex I Classis w/ Octave, White. Proper Festal Office. Solemn Mattins proper sung in the evening of 24 December, Te Deum followed immediately by the Collect and Benedicamus Domino, after which follows the first Mass at Midnight. At Midnight Mass, Gloria, no Comms., Credo, Preface of the Nativity. Lauds are sung immediately after the Midnight Mass, antiphons proper w/ Sunday psalms, Chapter proper, Hymn A solis for Christmas, Bened. Ant. proper, Collect of Christmas, no Comms. Prime is sung at daybreak, first antiphon from Lauds w/ festal psalms. Second Mass at Dawn follows Prime, Gloria, Comm. of S. Anastasia, VM, Credo, Preface of the Nativity. Third Mass of the Day (after Terce), Gloria, no Comms. Credo, Preface of the Nativity, Last Gospel taken from the Mass of Epiphany. II Vespers of the feast, antiphons proper for second Vespers w/ Pss. 109, 110, 111, 129, & 131, Chapter proper, Hymn Christe Redemptor for Christmas, Verse and Magnif. Ant. proper, Collect of Christmas, Comm. of the following S. Stephen.

Friday, 26 December - S. Stephen, Protomartyr, Duplex II Classis w/ Simplex Octave, Red. Comm. of the Octave of the Nativity. Office from the Common of One Martyr and the Proper. At Mattins, Te Deum. At Lauds, Comm. of the Octave. At Mass (after Terce), Gloria, Comm. of the Octave, Credo, Preface of the Nativity. II Vespers of the feast (antiphons and psalms from II Vespers of Christmas), Comms. of the following and the Octave.

Friday, 27 December - S. John, AE, Duplex II Classis w/ Simplex Octave, White. Comm. of the Octave of the Nativity only**. Office from the Common of Apostles and the Proper. At Mattins, Te Deum. At Lauds, Comm. of the Octave. At Mass (after Terce), Gloria, Comm. of the Octave, Credo, Preface of the Nativity. II Vespers of the feast (antiphons and psalms from II Vespers of Christmas), Comm. of the following and the Octave.

The Office and Mass of the Sunday within the Octave of Christmas are transferred to 30 December this year; hence, the Sunday is not commemorated tonight or tomorrow.

* In the USA, S. Frances Xavier Cabrini, V is assigned to 22 December, but this year, because of the transfer of the universal feast of S. Thomas the Apostle to the same day, Mother Cabrini's feast is transferred to 23 December. This was a Duplex II Classis feast during the Pacelli era; the CTO proposes reducing it to a Simplex across the USA (as as not to impede the Greater Advent Feriae any further), but as a Duplex in selected dioceses only, such as the Archdioceses of NY and Chicago. As a Simplex, Cabrini is commemorated at Lauds and Mass only of S. Thomas, after the Feria, on 22 December.

** The days within the octaves of the three Comites' feasts are Simplex in rank and are not commemorated in occurrence and concurrence with the Office of a Duplex I or II classis feast. Hence. the first time these octaves are commemorated is at Lauds on Monday, 29 December, ensuring a festal Office with minimal commemorations on the three Comites' feast days themselves.

Tuesday, December 16, 2014

Psalmody Comparison - Just for Fun

The immemorial custom of praying all 150 psalms in one week is a given, but it exists more in theory than in actual practice for more than half the year even under the modified 1570 kalendar which we employ here. So. for no particular reason except to satisfy a bit of curiosity, I decided to track the number of unique psalms which would be prayed under different iterations of the Roman Breviary in a specific week. For this exercise, I chose the first week of Advent 2014 (i.e. 30 Nov - 6 Dec) which contains a, more or less, average mixture of feasts and feriae. The comparisons are based solely on the universal kalendar as rendered under the following iterations as applied to the current year:
1. The actual 1568/1570 kalendar (but using Gregorian dates)
2. The actual 1910 kalendar
3. The CTO
4. Divino Afflatu (1911-1913)
5. Pacelli (1956, aka Bugnini 1.0)
6. 1962 (aka Bugnini 2.0)

Each day shows the number of unique psalms prayed; fragments of psalms (e.g. Ps. 30: 1-6 at Compline) do not count for this exercise. When a particular psalm is repeated, it is only marked once, usually on Sunday, and therefore, not tallied again on the subsequent days it's used (e.g. Pss. 94, 118). Canticles are also excluded from this consideration.

                                     1570        1910        CTO        1913        1956        1962

Sunday, 30 Nov            37            37            37            21            21            21
Monday, 1 Dec               9              9              9            10            16            25
Tuesday, 2 Dec             18              5            18            20            20            21
Wednesday, 3 Dec        19              0            14            26            26            26
Thursday, 4 Dec           18              1              1             19            19            20
Friday, 5 Dec                13            12            13            18             18           19
Saturday 6 Dec              0               0              0            15             15           16

Total Unique Psalms:   114           64            92           129        135          148
% of Psalter:                75.3%      42.0%      60.7%      86.0%    90.0%      98.7%

For the statistical minded:
Mean - 113.67 psalms
Standard Deviation - 28.3 psalms
The CTO is within one standard deviation of the mean, but so are1913 and Pacelli. 1570 is the mean.

Clearly 1910 and 1962 are the outliers, but the the modern "reformers" certainly must have valued praying all 150 psalms weekly as the highest good, no? 


Tuesday, December 9, 2014

Simple Octaves

In addition to the current observance of the Octave of the Immaculate Conception with Simplex rank, we also propose that the following octaves be likewise observed:

Octave of S. Stephen, Protomartyr
Octave of S. John, Apostle & Evangelist
Octave of the Holy Innocents
Octave of the Solemnity of S. Joseph
Octave of S. John the Baptist
Octave of S. Lawrence, Deacon & Martyr
Octave of the Nativity of the BVM

The Simplex Octave is to be observed thus:

* All Dies infra Octavam are ranked Simplex and follow the usual rules governing Simplex feasts, i.e. only First Vespers, precedence over Feriae per Annum but yielding to major Feriae in Advent. These days are always commemorated at both Vespers and Lauds of a higher ranking Office, unless the Office is of a Duplex I or II Class feast in which case commemorations of most octaves are generally omitted.

* The Octave Day itself is a Duplex feast and carries precedence in occurrence and concurrence accordingly. It is not transferable, however, when it occurs on a privileged Sunday, in which case it is to be commemorated in the Sunday's Office, e.g. Octave Day of the Immaculate Conception falls on Gaudete Sunday.

* The psalmody when the Office is of the Dies infra is ferial at Vespers and Mattins and festal from Lauds to None as is the case for Simplex feasts; all other texts are taken from the feast day itself or Proper as noted.

* The lessons at Mattins on the Dies infra are ordered such that the first two lessons and responds are taken from the occurring Scripture, lesson two being the concatenation of the second and third lessons from the occurring Scripture; the third lesson is formed from concatenating the pre-Sarto second nocturn lessons for the day in the Proper into one lesson (or using only the text which is Proper and not from the Common).

* During the entirety of these octaves, unless specifically stated to the contrary, any proper doxology and/or melody for the hymns for the particular octave is to be observed continuously. However, during the Octave of the Immaculate Conception, when the Office is of the Sunday or Feria, the Advent formulae are observed, but during the same octave when the Office is of a feast without a proper doxology, the formulae of the BVM are observed. The same rules hold for the verse at the short respond at Prime.

* Unless otherwise stated, the colour of the Office and the Preface at Mass are determined by the octave on all days within it, including Sundays, except in Advent or when higher privileged octaves hold the determining rule. The Credo, by rule, is omitted during Simplex octaves unless the Mass of a particular feast (or a higher concurrent octave) occurring within it requires it, e.g. Doctor of the Church.


This, we believe, is the best approach to borrow from Sarto's organization and distinction of octaves without sacrificing the nature of octaves (i.e. there are still days within). This also accords further usage of the ferial psalms in our quest to achieve optimal and actual, and not just theoretical, usage of the Ancient Roman Psalter.

As a review, the remaining Octaves not listed above retain the usual Semiduplex rank and rite on the Dies infra and a Duplex Majus for the Octave Day. Furthermore, the Octaves of Epiphany, Pascha, Pentecost, and Corpus Christi are privileged to the exclusion of all or nearly all occurring feasts.












Ordo - Heb. III Adventus, MMXIV

Hebdomada: Week III of Advent

Notes for Advent:
1. Unless otherwise stated, all hymns retain the Per Annum doxologies but are sung in the Advent melodies. 
2. The Suffrages at Vespers and Lauds are omitted during the entirety of Advent and from Christmas through the Octave of the Epiphany inclusive.
3. The Feriae of Advent are major, not privileged. Hence, they supersede all Simplex feasts and are commemorated at Vespers, Lauds, and Mass on all festal days of nine lessons without exception during the season. The ferial office and Mass are penitential; hence penitential kneeling rules apply.
4. Vespers are still sung daily at their normal hour; this is not Lent.

Sunday, 14 December - Third (Gaudete) Sunday of Advent, Semiduplex, Violet or Rose. Privileged Sunday of the second class. Comm. Day VII within the Octave of the Immaculate Conception. Dominical Office of Advent. At Mattins, proper antiphons w/ the Sunday psalms and seasonal versicles for all three nocturnes, no Te Deum. At Lauds, antiphons proper w/ the Sunday psalms, Comm. of the Octave. At Prime, first antiphon from Lauds w/ Pss. 53, 117, 118.1, 118.2, and Quicumque, no Preces ratione Octavae. At the Hours, allocated antiphons from Lauds, Chapters proper. At Mass (after Terce), no Gloria, Comm. of the Octave only, Credo, Preface of the Trinity (or Gallican Advent Preface ad libitum), Benedicamus Domino. Vespers of the following day (change to white), Comm. of the Sunday. At Compline, proper doxology, no Preces.

From now until Compline tomorrow inclusive, the hymns at the Hours are sung with the proper doxology of the Incarnation in the melody of the BVM. 

Monday, 15 December - Octave Day of the Immaculate Conception of the BVM, Duplex,White. Comm. of the Feria. Office and Mass as on the feast and in the Proper. At Mattins, Te Deum. At Lauds and Mass, Comm. of the Feria.  II Vespers of the Octave Day, Comms. of the following and the Feria.

Tuesday, 16 December - Advent Feria, Simplex, Violet. Comm. S. Eusebius, BM.  Kneeling Day through Compline inclusive. Ferial Office of Advent. At Mattins, no Te Deum. At Lauds, Ferial Preces, Comm. of S. Eusebius. At Prime and the Hours, Ferial Preces. At Mass (after None, of the preceding Sunday), no Gloria, Comm. of S. Eusebius, 3rd. orations of Our Lady in Advent, Alleluia and verse are omitted, no Credo, Common Preface (or Gallican Advent Preface ad libitum), Benedicamus Domino. Vespers of the Feria, Ferial Preces. At Compline, Preces.

From now until Christmas Day inclusive, all particular octaves cease and are prohibited.

Wednesday, 17 December - Ember Wednesday and Greater Feria in Advent, Simplex, Violet. Kneeling Day through Compline inclusive. Ferial Office of Advent. At Mattins, no Te Deum. At Lauds and the Hours, proper antiphons (Wednesday before Christmas Eve) w/ ferial psalms, Ferial Preces, proper Collect for the day. At Mass (after None, Proper Mass for the Ember Day), no Gloria, 2nd. orations of Our Lady in Advent, 3rd. orations of the Holy Ghost, no Credo, Common Preface (or Gallican Advent Preface ad libitum), Benedicamus Domino. Vespers of the Feria, antiphons from the Psalter, Ferial Preces, Great Antiphon "O Sapientia" w/ Magnificat (solemn melody 2D), Collect of the preceding Sunday. At Compline, Preces.

Thursday, 18 November - Greater Feria in Advent, Simplex, Violet. Kneeling Day through Compline inclusive. Ferial Office of Advent. At Mattins, no Te Deum. At Lauds and the Hours, proper antiphons (Thursday before Christmas Eve) w/ ferial psalms, Ferial Preces, Collect of the preceding Sunday. At Mass (after None, of the preceding Sunday), no Gloria, 2nd. orations of Our Lady in Advent, 3rd. orations of the Holy Ghost, Alleluia and its verse are omitted, no Credo, Common Preface (or Gallican Advent Preface ad libitum), Benedicamus Domino. Vespers of the Feria, antiphons from the Psalter, Ferial Preces, Great Antiphon "O Adonai" w/ Magnificat (solemn melody 2D), Collect of the preceding Sunday. At Compline, Preces.

Friday, 19 December - Ember Friday and Greater Feria in Advent, Simplex, Violet. Kneeling Day through Compline inclusive. Ferial Office of Advent. At Mattins, no Te Deum. At Lauds and the Hours, proper antiphons (Friday before Christmas Eve) w/ ferial psalms, Ferial Preces, proper Collect for the day. At Mass (after None, Proper Mass for the Ember Day), no Gloria, 2nd. orations of Our Lady in Advent, 3rd. orations of the Holy Ghost, no Credo, Common Preface (or Gallican Advent Preface ad libitum), Benedicamus Domino. Vespers of the Feria, antiphons from the Psalter, Ferial Preces, Great Antiphon "O Radix Jesse" w/ Magnificat (solemn melody 2D), Collect of the preceding Sunday. At Compline, Preces.

Saturday, 20 December - Ember Saturday and Greater Feria in Advent, Simplex, Violet. Vigil of S. Thomas (at Mass only). Kneeling Day through None/Mass inclusive. Ferial Office of Advent. At Mattins, no Te Deum. At Lauds and the Hours, proper antiphons (Monday* before Christmas Eve but 4th. antiphon proper for Saturday) w/ ferial psalms, Ferial Preces, proper Collect for the day. At Mass (after None, Proper Mass for the Ember Day), five lessons after Kyrie, no Gloria, Comm. Vigil, 3rd. orations of Our Lady in Advent, no Credo, Common Preface (or Gallican Advent Preface ad libitum), Benedicamus Domino, Proper Last Gospel of the Vigil. Where a second Mass is possible in the same church, oratory, etc., Mass of the Vigil of S. Thomas w/o Comm. or Last Gospel of the Ember Day; at the earlier Mass of the Ember Day, no Comm. of the Vigil.

Vespers of the following Sunday, antiphons from the Proper at Lauds w/ Saturday psalms, Great Antiphon "O Clavis David" w/ Magnificat (solemn melody 2D), no Comms. At Compline, Preces.

* The feast of S. Thomas the Apostle is transferred to Monday, 22 December this year thereby displacing the proper ferial antiphons assigned to the Monday before Christmas Eve; these antiphons are, therefore, moved to the open Feria on Saturday, except that the fourth antiphon at Lauds w/ the looooooong Canticle of Moses is proper for the Saturday.


Wednesday, December 3, 2014

Ordo - Heb. II Adventus, MMXIV

Hebdomada: Week II of Advent

Notes for Advent:
1. Unless otherwise stated, all hymns retain the Per Annum doxologies but are sung in the Advent melodies. 
2. The Suffrages at Vespers and Lauds are omitted during the entirety of Advent and from Christmas through the Octave of the Epiphany inclusive.
3. The Feriae of Advent are major, not privileged. Hence, they supersede all Simplex feasts and are commemorated at Vespers, Lauds, and Mass on all festal days of nine lessons without exception during the season. The ferial office and Mass are penitential; hence penitential kneeling rules apply.
4. Vespers are still sung daily at their normal hour; this is not Lent.

Sunday, 7 December - Second Sunday of Advent, Semiduplex, Violet. Privileged Sunday of the second class. Dominical Office of Advent. At Mattins, proper antiphons w/ the Sunday psalms and seasonal versicles for all three nocturnes, no Te Deum. At Lauds, antiphons proper w/ the Sunday psalms, no Comms. At Prime, first antiphon from Lauds w/ Pss. 53, 117, 118.1, 118.2, and Quicumque, Dominical Preces. At the Hours, allocated antiphons from Lauds, Chapters proper. At Mass (after Terce), no Gloria, 2nd. orations of Our Lady (for Advent), 3rd. orations Against the Enemies of the Church or Pro Papa, Credo, Preface of the Trinity (or Gallican Advent Preface ad libitum), Benedicamus Domino. Vespers of the following day (change to white), Comm. of the Sunday.

From now until Compline of 15 December inclusive, except in the Dominical and Ferial Offices of Advent,  the hymns at the Hours are sung with the proper doxology of the Incarnation in the melody of the BVM. Likewise, the Preces at Prime and Compline are omitted for the entire octave, even in Offices of the Season.

Monday, 8 December - Immaculate Conception of the BVM, Duplex I Classis w/ Octave, White. Comm. of the Feria. Office from the Common of the BVM and the Proper. At Mattins, Te Deum. At Lauds, Comm. of the Feria. At Mass (after Terce), Gloria, Comm. of the Feria, Credo, Preface of the BVM (Et te in Conceptione Immaculata). II Vespers of the feast, Comms. of the following and the Feria.

Tuesday, 9 December - S. Ambrose, BCD, Duplex, White (transferred from 7 December). Comms. of the Feria and the Octave. Office from the Common of Bishop-Confessors and Doctors and the Proper. At Mattins, Te Deum. At Lauds, Comms. of the Feria and Octave. At Mass (after Terce), Gloria, Comms. of the Feria and Octave, Credo, Preface of the BVM ratione Octavae. II Vespers of the feast, Comms. of the following day, the Feria, and the Octave.

Wednesday, 10 December* - Advent Feria, Simplex, Violet. Comms. S. Melchiades, PM, and the Octave. Kneeling Day through None/Mass inclusive. Ferial Office of Advent. At Mattins, no Te Deum. At Lauds, Comms. of S. Melchiades and the Octave. At Mass (after None, of the preceding Sunday), no Gloria, Comms. S. Melchiades and the Octave, Alleluia and verse are omitted, no Credo, Common Preface (or Gallican Advent Preface ad libitum), Benedicamus Domino. Vespers of the following day (change to white), Comms. of the Feria and the Octave.

Thursday, 11 November - S. Damasus I, PC, Semiduplex, White. Comms. of the Feria and the Octave. Office from the Common of Bishop-Confessors and the Proper. At Mattins, Te Deum. At Lauds, Comms. of the Feria and the Octave. At Mass (after Terce), Gloria, Comms. of the Feria and the Octave, no Credo, Preface of the BVM ratione Octavae. II Vespers of the feast, Comms. of the Feria and the Octave.

Friday, 12 December** - Advent Feria, Simplex, Violet. Comm. of the Octave. Kneeling Day through None/Mass inclusive. Ferial Office of Advent. At Mattins, no Te Deum. At Lauds, Comm. of the Octave. At Mass (after None, of the preceding Sunday), no Gloria, Comm. of the Octave, Alleluia and verse are omitted, no Credo, Common Preface (or Gallican Advent Preface ad libitum), Benedicamus Domino. Vespers of the following day (change to red), Comms. of the Feria and the Octave.

Saturday, 13 December - S. Lucy, VM, Duplex, Red. Comms. of the Feria and the Octave, Office from the Common of Virgins and the Proper. At Mattins, Te Deum. At Lauds, Comms. of the Feria and the Octave.  At Mass (after Terce), Gloria, Comms. of the Feria and the Octave, no Credo, Preface of the BVM ratione Octavae. II Vespers of the feast, Comms. of the following Sunday and the Octave.

* In Italy, the Translation of the Holy House of Loreto, Duplex Majus.

** In some places, Our Lady of Guadalupe. In Mexico and US Dioceses in the Southwest - Duplex I Classis. In the USA outside the Southwest, Duplex Majus.

N.B. On Feriae during the Octave of the Immaculate Conception, where permitted, one Mass of the Octave (Mass as on the feast) may be offered after Terce wherein another Mass of the Feria is offered after None without commemorations of either, respectively.


Tuesday, December 2, 2014

Octave of the Immaculate Conception

The author of this CTO belongs to a Facebook Group dedicated to the promotion and discussion of the Divine Office, under its many legitimate and demonstrably illegitimate iterations. The group's administrator and this author, at the urging of the former some time ago, have been posting weekly, personal ordines, and in the last posting of the CTO on that site, a discussion arose concerning what frequency the Advent ferial Office should be accorded relative to festal days and, in particular, what should be the case concerning the Octave of the Immaculate Conception vis-a-vis Advent.

Last year, when we were ironing out the wrinkles of octaves in general (post-Sarto systemization vs. Tridentine ad-hoc rules), it was settled that we stick with the Tridentine system as was stated here. For review, every octave would, at minimum, consist of semiduplex dies infra octavam and a duplex dies octavae; additional privileges would apply to specific octaves (e.g. Pascha). However, Mr. Gregory DiPippo of the New Liturgical Movement, who is also a regular contributor on the Facebook page, stated that among some non-Roman Western rites, there is a precedent for simplex octaves, and such was not first invented under Sarto. He suggested that it would be beneficial to reduce the days within the Octave of the Immaculate Conception to simplex rank while keeping its Octave Day as a Duplex. The same could be said for some other octaves (e.g. Holy Innocents). This has caused this author to reevaluate our octave system and now reopen the discussion to the readers before next week's Ordo is posted.

Having followed the Traditional Roman Breviary under CTO guidelines for nearly 18 months, I am of the opinion that not all octaves should be treated equally. Leaving aside the obvious privileged octaves, should the Octaves of All Saints and the Assumption, on one hand, have the same status as those of S. Lawrence and the Holy Innocents? Furthermore, should the prohibition of octaves mandated for the entirety of Lent also be extended to all of Advent beyond Sapientiatide? If not, should the Octave of the Immaculate Conception, in fact, be downgraded simply (no pun intended) for the fact that it is Advent.

I am partial to the Advent ferial Office; it gets too little exposure, especially in the first two weeks. When I switched from 1962 to Divino Afflatu five or six years ago, I regretted that I had greatly reduced my praying the Advent Office despite the other obvious gains in such a transition. Switching from DA to the CTO last year resulted in no significant change to the balance because of the IC Octave. Does 1962 have something reasonable to offer in its relatively good balance between feast and feria this season but without abolishing the IC Octave?

If we were to establish a system of Simplex octaves, it would not be the Sarto system of a non-octave octaves, but simply the reduction of the six days infra octavam to Simplex; in effect, these days would trump feriae per annum, but would give way to the major feriae in penitential seasons according to the same rule governing Simplex feasts. Hence, Dec 9, 10, 12, and 14, on the universal kalendar would be Advent Feriae with a commemoration of the octave. The preces would still be omitted per the rules governing octaves, so there would be an increase to the ferial Office but with a leniency owing to the octave at the same time. Is this a reasonable amendment to our octave system?